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Species Choristoneura fumiferana - Spruce Budworm - Hodges#3638

Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Bland but patterned - Choristoneura fumiferana Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Choristoneura fumiferana? - Choristoneura fumiferana Choristoneura fumiferana - male Choristoneura fumiferana Choristoneura fumiferana ? - Choristoneura fumiferana Choristoneura fumiferana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Choristoneura
No Taxon (fumiferana group)
Species fumiferana (Spruce Budworm - Hodges#3638)
Hodges Number
3638
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Choristoneura fumiferana (Clemens, 1865)
Tortrix ? fumiferana Clemens, 1865 (1)
Tortrix fumiferana Clemens, 1865
Size
Wingspan 21-30 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing variably mottled orangish, brown, or yellowish with short dark longitudinal streak near center.
Larva: body green or brown with pale subdorsal spots; head brown with yellowish thoracic shield.
Range
Throughout Canada and northern United States.
Food
Mainly balsam fir and white spruce. Also black, red, Norway, Engelmann and Colorado spruce, as well as hemlock, larch, and subalpine fir. (2)
Remarks
This is a major pest of the timber industry, damaging fir and spruce trees.
Parasitized by the Ichneumon wasp Glypta fumiferanae.
See Also
Jack Pine Budworm (Choristoneura pinus) forewing is reddish and lacks short dark longitudinal streak near center,
larva of C. pinus has dark bands around each abdominal segment.
Print References
(3)
Clemens, B., North American micro-lepidoptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 5: 139. (1)
Works Cited
1.North American Micro-Lepidoptera
Clemens, Brackenridge. 1865. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia, Volume 5: 139-47.
2.University of Alberta Entomology Collection
3.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.