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Species Choristoneura fumiferana - Spruce Budworm - Hodges#3638

Choristoneura fumiferana Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Moth - Choristoneura fumiferana 3638 Eastern Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Tortricidae: Choristoneura fumiferana - Choristoneura fumiferana Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Spruce Budworm - Choristoneura fumiferana Choristoneura fumiferana? - Choristoneura fumiferana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Choristoneura
No Taxon (fumiferana group)
Species fumiferana (Spruce Budworm - Hodges#3638)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
described in 1865 by Clemens, who originally placed it in genus Tortrix
ITIS treats Choristoneura fumiferana as an invalid name (a junior synonym of Archips fumiferana) but most other sources on the Internet consider this species to be in the genus Choristoneura. See genus page for other Choristoneura species that ITIS considers to be in the genus Archips.
Adult wingspan 21-30mm
Adult: forewing variably mottled orangish, brown, or yellowish with short dark longitudinal streak near center.

Larva: body green or brown with pale subdorsal spots; head brown with yellowish thoracic shield.
throughout Canada and northern U.S.
Flies June-August
fir and spruce trees
This is a major pest of the timber industry, damaging fir and spruce trees.
Parasitized by the Ichneumon wasp Glypta fumiferanae.
See Also
adult Jack Pine Budworm (Choristoneura pinus) forewing is reddish and lacks short dark longitudinal streak near center (see photo of C. pinus adult )
larva of C. pinus has dark bands around each abdominal segment (see photo of C. pinus larva)
Print References
Internet References
pinned adult image and photos of related species by Jim Vargo (Moth Photographers Group)
live larva image (U. of New Hampshire)
distribution map (Canadian Forest Service)
pinned adult image (Insects of Cedar Creek, Minnesota)
live larva image and species account (
Works Cited
1.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.