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Genus Phanerotoma

Bug 2011.06.22.5065 - Phanerotoma Wasp IMG_3861 - Phanerotoma small wasp - Phanerotoma Pennsylvania Wasp for ID - Phanerotoma wasp - Phanerotoma Mesochorine ichneumon wasp? - Phanerotoma Braconid wasp - Phanerotoma Braconid - Phanerotoma
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconid and Ichneumonid Wasps)
Family Braconidae (Braconid Wasps)
Subfamily Cheloninae
Genus Phanerotoma
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Phanerotoma thapsina Walley, 1951 is transferred as the type species of Pseudophanerotoma(1)
Explanation of Names
Phanerotoma Wesmael, 1838
Numbers
~22 spp. in our area (2) (with at least 6 spp. in central Texas(3))
Identification
True Phanerotoma have exactly 23 antennomeres (21 flagellomeres + pedicel & scape) in both sexes,(1) with the sole exception of the eastern Palearctic potanini-group.


Wing venation


Body morphology
Range
Cosmopolitan
Habitat
Any vegetated habitat in which concealed-feeding Lepidoptera are found. Phanerotoma tend to be more abundant in arid habitats compared to other chelonines, or during dry seasons. (Shaw, S.R. 1997. Subfamily Cheloninae. In: (4))
Season
Dry season
Food
Parasitoids (solitary endoparasitic koinobionts) of Lepidoptera (primarily Pyralidae and Tortricidae; have also been reared from Gelechiidae)
Works Cited
1.A taxonomic review of the parasitoid wasp genera Furcidentia Zettel and Pseudophanerotoma Zettel from the Neotropics...
Rebecca N. Kittel. 2018. Zootaxa 4486 (2): 146-160.
2.Nomina Insecta Nearctica
Poole, Robert W. Nearctica.com, Inc.
3.Abundance and distribution of potential arthropod prey species in a typical Golden-cheeked Warbler habitat.
Quinn, M.A. 2000. Unpublished Thesis. Texas A&M University, College Station. ix + 182 pp.
4.Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera)
Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, M.J. Sharkey (Eds). 1997. International Society of Hymenopterists.