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Species Alsophila pometaria - Fall Cankerworm - Hodges#6258

caterpillar - Alsophila pometaria Alsophila pometaria - male Geometridae, pupa out of cocoon - Alsophila pometaria - female Geometrid on arrowwood. Caterpillar 12. 5/11/12 - Alsophila pometaria Geometridae: Alsophila pometaria - Alsophila pometaria - male Geometridae: Alsophila pometaria - Alsophila pometaria - male December Moth - Alsophila pometaria - male Orthosia ? - Alsophila pometaria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Ennominae
Tribe Alsophilini
Genus Alsophila
Species pometaria (Fall Cankerworm - Hodges#6258)
Hodges Number
6258
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Alsophila pometaria (Harris, 1841)
Size
wingspan of males 26-32 mm (1); females about 9-10 mm long (CBIF)
Identification
Males have an even brownish grey forewing with jagged white and dark PM and AM lines, occasionally with a visible dark discal spot. The hindwings are light grey, with a dark discal spot and a faint pale PM line (AEC):
  


The females are wingless and stout-bodied, with the body banded dark and pale gray (1):
  

Larvae have 3 pairs of abdominal prolegs (1):
  
Habitat
Wooded areas including city parks, ornamental plantations and shelter belts. (AEC)
Season
Fall through early winter
Food
Larvae feed on a large variety of deciduous trees and shrubs, especially elm (Ulmus spp.), ash (Fraxinus spp.), and maple (Acer spp.). (AEC) Other hosts include hackberry, oak, various members of the rose family, walnut, and willow. (1)
Life Cycle
The larvae are often a serious pest of many tree species elsewhere, although it rarely reaches densities high enough to do damage in Alberta. The eggs are laid in clusters on tree branches and trunks by the wingless females and hatch the following spring, synchronized with the flush of leaves. There are four larval stages, which are described in detail by McGuffin (1988). Larvae pupate in the soil and delay their emergence until fall, spending about four summer months as a pupa. Females in at least some populations are able to reproduce parthenogenetically (without mating). (McGuffin 1988). (AEC)
Adult pairs:
See Also
Other geometrids have flightless adult females. Of those found in the fall, linden looper (Erannis tiliaria) is also wingless but is easily distinguished by its black markings. Operophtera spp. have small vestigial wings; these are conspicuous on winter moth (O. brumata) but can be minute and difficult to see on Bruce spanworm (O. bruceata). Females of spring cankerworm (Paleacrita vernata) are similar to fall cankerworm but appear in late winter and spring, at least in the north.
Print References
Covell, p. 345; plate 47 #8 (1)
Internet References
Alberta Entomology Collection - Image of pinned adult and bio info
Moth Photographers Group - Images of live adultds
Moths of Maryland - Images of live adults
All-Leps - Images of pinned adults & map of sample collection points
CBIF - Images of male & female pinned adults
Works Cited
1.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.