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Species Prionus arenarius

Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male Prionus arenarius Hovore - Prionus arenarius - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Cerambycidae (Long-horned Beetles)
Subfamily Prioninae
Tribe Prionini
Genus Prionus
No Taxon (subgenus Homaesthesis)
Species arenarius (Prionus arenarius)
Explanation of Names
Prionus arenarius Hovore 1981
arena (L). Sand (1)
Numbers
16 spp. (in 4 subgenera) n. of Mex. (2)
Size
male 17-33 mm
female 20-24 mm (3)
Identification
Distinctive from all other Homaesthesis by the broad, flattened posterior tarsi with conspicuous setal fringes (3)
,
Range
se NM (Chaves Co.), and adjacent w TX (Gaines, Ward and Winkler Counties) (3)
Habitat
Homaesthesis are ecologically asso. w/ sand dune or dune margin habitats (3)
Season
Apr-July (4)
Food
Homaesthesis larvae feed on the roots of grasses (3)
Life Cycle
Adult activity at the type locality began at dust on a clear, hot day, and beetles were observed to emerge from the loose sand and fly clumsily amidst the swale vegetation.
Males were either netted in flight of attracted to MV and UV lights. Although the hindwings of the females appear normally developed, no females came to light or were observed in flight. Both female specimens were collected crawling on the dunes at night. (3)
Remarks
Described from Monahans Sandhills State Park in western Texas (3)
Texas Parks & Wildlife considers this to be a "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN) (5)
See Also
Prionus spp. - Cerambycidae Catalog
Print References
Hovore, F.T. 1981. Two new species of Prionus (Homaesthesis) from the southwestern United States, with notes on other species. The Coleopterists Bulletin 35(4): 453-457. (3)
Hovore, F.T. & R.H. Turnbow, Jr. 1984. A new species of Prionus (Homaesthesis) from the Monahan Sandhills of western Texas. Entomol. News, 95(1): 1-4, 4 figs. Full Text
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
3.Two new species of Prionus (Homaesthesis) from the southwestern United States, with notes on other species.
Hovore, F.T. 1981. The Coleopterists Bulletin 35(4): 453-457.
4.Surveys and habitat assessment of endemic insects at the Monahans Dune System, Final report prepared for the TPWD.
Longing, S., S. Discua and J. Cokendolpher. 2014. Texas Tech University, Lubbock. 38 pp.
5.Texas "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN) - TPWD, 2012