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Superfamily Lygaeoidea

True Bug - Raglius alboacuminatus Oedancala dorsalis Plant Bug at bug light - Paromius longulus Small bug - Blissus leucopterus Geocoris pallens? - Geocoris pallens Parapiesma cinereum? - Parapiesma lygaeid - Neortholomus scolopax what am I? - Lygaeus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
most of the families included used to be treated as subfamilies of Lygaeidae prior to T.J. Henry's seminal 1997 work: Artheneidae, Blissidae, Cymidae, Geocoridae, Heterogastridae, Ninidae, Oxycarenidae, Pachygronthidae, Rhyparochromidae, and 3 minor exotic families
Numbers
ca. 340 spp. in >100 genera of 12 families in our area, ~4,300 spp. in >700 genera of 15 families worldwide(1)(2); the vast majority of families are still treated sometimes as parts of Lygaeidae(3)(4)
Identification
best illustrated keys to most NA genera in(3)
Rostrum with 4 segments. Tarsi with 3 segments. Hemelytral membrane with 4 or 5 simple veins arising from base. Ocelli usually present.
Range
Worldwide
Food
Mostly seed- and sap-feeders; a few are predators(2)
Print References
(5)(6)
Internet References
Texas Lygaeoidea - Mike Quinn, 2019
Works Cited
1.Dellapé P.M., Henry T.J. (2016) Lygaeoidea species file. Version 5.0
2.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
3.The Lygaeidae of Florida (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae).
Slater & Baranowski. 1990. Florida Dept. of Ag. and Consumer Services, Gainesville. xv + 211 pp.
4.Phylogenetic analysis of family groups within the infraorder Pentatomomorpha (Heteroptera), with emphasis on the Lygaeoidea
Henry T.J. 1997. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 90: 275-301.
5.New distribution records for United States Lygaeoidea (Hemiptera: Heteroptera)
Scudder G.G.E. 2010. J. Ent. Soc. B.C. 107: 83-84.
6.Seed Bugs of Virginia (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae)
Richard L. Hoffman. 1996. Virginia Museum of Natural History.