Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
in NA, >350 spp. in 103 genera in 6 families (Acanthosomatidae and Scutelleridae were until recently sometimes treated as subfamilies of Pentatomidae; Plataspididae is a recent addition)(1)(2); worldwide, 16 families with >7,200 spp. in ~1,300 genera(3)(4)
pentamerous (=5-segmented) antennae and large scutellum (sometimes covering the dorsum almost completely) are diagnostic.
genitalia often provide the only dependable character for identifying species(5)
A wide variety of terrestrial habitats
Most are uni- or bivoltine, overwinter as adults, and lay eggs in the spring(6)
Mostly herbivorous and often polyphagous, but one group (subfam. Asopinae) is entirely predaceous(7)(6)
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