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Genus Onthophagus

small dung beetle - Onthophagus hecate - female School project #3 - Onthophagus striatulus - male School project #3 - Onthophagus striatulus - male Onthophagus hecate Dung Beetle ? - Onthophagus hecate Scarabaeidae, lateral - Onthophagus hecate - female Digitonthophagus gazella ? - Onthophagus taurus March-0BG.J.2006.01 - Onthophagus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
Superfamily Scarabaeoidea (Scarab, Stag and Bess Beetles)
Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles)
Subfamily Scarabaeinae (Dung Beetles)
Tribe Onthophagini
Genus Onthophagus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
revised in Howden & Cartwright (1963)(1)
Explanation of Names
Onthophagus Latreille 1802
'dung-eater'
Numbers
37 in our area, 130 in the New World, >1500 spp. total(2) - the largest genus of the family
Size
our spp. 2.5-8.0 mm(2)
Identification
males often with variously adorned heads/pronota
key to spp. in(1)
Life Cycle
Adults dig a tunnel under the dung supply for the larvae(3); some species utilize carrion or fungi(4)
Works Cited
1.Scarab beetles of the genus Onthophagus Latreille north of Mexico (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)
Howden H.F., Cartwright O.L. 1963. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 114: 1-135.
2.The Scarabaeoid Beetles of Nebraska
Brett C. Ratcliffe & M.J. Paulsen. 2008. University of Nebraska State Museum, Vol 22, 570 pp.
3.Peterson Field Guides: Beetles
Richard E. White. 1983. Houghton Mifflin Company.
4.Scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of South Carolina
Phillip J. Harpootlian. 2001. Clemson University Public Service.