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Species Epinotia nanana - European Spruce Needleminer Moth - Hodges#3338

A Tortricid sp. - Epinotia nanana A Tortricid sp. - Epinotia nanana A Tortricid sp. - Epinotia nanana Epinotia nanana Pennsylvania Moth - Epinotia nanana Epinotia nanana - male Epinotia nanana - male European Spruce Needleminer Moth - Epinotia nanana - female
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Epinotia
Species nanana (European Spruce Needleminer Moth - Hodges#3338)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Epinotia nanana (Treitschke, 1835)
Coccyx nanana Treitschke, 1835
Phylogentic sequence #621246
Wingspan about 10 mm.
Adults in June(1)
Larvae feed on most species of spruce, but prefer Norway spruce. (2)
Life Cycle
Eggs are deposited on needles. Newly-hatched larva attack the old needles, boring into them and hollowing them out completely. The 3rd instar and after feed on both old and new needles. Pupation occurs in silken cocoons in hollowed out needles, in old staminate flowers, on the bark, or in litter on the ground.(1)
Overwinters as larvae in a mined needle.(1)
One generation per year.(1)
Introduced species first recorded in Massachusetts.(1)
Print References
Treitschke, G.F. 1835. Die schmetterlinge von Europa 10: 80.
Works Cited
1.Eastern Forest Insects
Whiteford L. Baker. 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture · Forest Service.