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Subfamily Panurginae - Panurgine Bees including Bare-Miner, Confluent-Miner, Fairy, and Calliopsine Bees

Panurginus bee 112 - Pseudopanurgus - female Bees on Desert Marigold Flower - Calliopsis - male - female Bee - Calliopsis andreniformis Perdita pelargoides - male Marshian Bee #3 - Perdita green eyed colletid like - Calliopsis andreniformis Prickly poppy bee 1 - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
No Taxon (Anthophila (Apoidea) - Bees)
Family Andrenidae (Miner, Bare-miner, Fairy, and Oxaeine Bees)
Subfamily Panurginae (Panurgine Bees including Bare-Miner, Confluent-Miner, Fairy, and Calliopsine Bees)
Other Common Names
Shaggy Bees for the Old World genus Panurgus
Numbers
734 spp. in 6 genera of 3 tribes in our area, ~1,400 spp. in 35 genera of 6 tribes worldwide (almost half of the world's spp. are in Perdita)(1)
Identification
usually smaller, less hairy than Andreninae, and sometimes have yellow- or cream-coloured markings on all tagmata.
Apex of marginal cell truncate, and usuallly only two submarginal cells.
Range
worldwide, but >2/3 spp. in NA and just ~160 in the Old World, where they are restricted to w. Palaearctic & Africa (+2 spp. in e. Asia); the 3 tribes absent in NA are tiny (4 spp. combined) are all restricted to Brazil or Chile(1)
Season
most are univoltine and have a short flight season
Food
most are specialists, collecting pollen from a single plant taxon