Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Heliolonche carolus McDunnough, 1936
* phylogenetic sequence #932185
species occur in America north of Mexico. (1)
Southern California and Arizona.
Larval host is Rafinesquia neomexicana Gray, and adults are frequently found nectaring on the blooms.
- plant information
A small number of large eggs are deposited deep into the flower heads New Mexico plumeseed and hatch in about four days. The young larvae feed exclusively on the developing seeds and later switch to dry, mature seeds. They pass through five instars and burrow underground to pupate, waiting to emerge at the next cycle of summer rains when the host is flowering anew (Hardwick, 1968).
A strictly diurnal species (Hardwick, 1968).
- photos on Moth Photographers Group
Hardwick, D.F. 1968. The life history of Heliolonche carolus
(Noctuidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(1): 26-30
McDunnough, J. 1936. A new Heliolonche
from southern California (Lepid., Noctuidae). The Canadian Entomologist 68(2): pp 45-46 (abstract
Moth Photographers Group
- range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems
- species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.