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Family Byturidae - Fruitworm Beetles

Wolly Beetle #2 - Xerasia grisescens Seed herbivory, Geum - Byturus unicolor Coleoptera - Byturus unicolor Santa Cruz 03 Raspberry Fruitworm beetle? - Byturus unicolor Byturus unicolor Raspberry Fruitworm beetle - Byturus unicolor? - Byturus unicolor Pennsylvania Beetle for ID - Byturus unicolor
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Cleroidea (Bark-gnawing, Checkered and Soft-winged Flower Beetles)
Family Byturidae (Fruitworm Beetles)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
until recently treated in Cucujoidea
Explanation of Names
Byturidae Gistel 1848
Numbers
2 spp. in 2 genera in our area(1), 24 spp. in 7 genera total(2)
Size
2.5-5.5 mm
Identification
Fine, dense vestiture. Dorsum gently convex. Eleven antennomeres, last three forming club. Pronotum wide as elytra at back, narrowing toward head, which is narrower than pronotum.
Range
holarctic & Oriental(3); in our area, Byturus unicolor e. NA (NF-NT-AK to GA-TX), Xerasia grisescens w. US(1)(4)
Food
Adults feed at a variety of flowers. Larvae often in native fruits, or in oak galls in the case of Xerasia grisescens.
Remarks
key to North American species (5)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.Order Coleoptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Ślipiński S.A., Leschen R.A.B., Lawrence J.F. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 203–208.
3.Coleoptera, Beetles; Morphology and Systematics vol. 2
Richard A.B. Leschen, Rolf G. Beutel and John F. Lawrence. 2010. De Gruyter.
4.Checklist of beetles (Coleoptera) of Canada and Alaska. Second edition
Bousquet Y., Bouchard P., Davies A.E., Sikes D.S. 2013. ZooKeys 360: 1–402.
5.A revision of the family Byturidae (Coleoptera) for North America
Charles A. Springer and Michael A. Goodrich. 1983. The Coleopterists Bulletin, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 183-192.