Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Archilestes grandis - Great Spreadwing

Great Spreadwing - Archilestes grandis Striped Dragonfly - Archilestes grandis Spreadwing - Archilestes grandis - male Spreadwing Damselfly - Archilestes grandis - male Spreadwing Nymph - Archilestes grandis Spreadwing 8132 & 8136 - Archilestes grandis - male Damselfly 441A 2679 - Archilestes grandis - male Spreadwing Damselfly? - Archilestes grandis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Odonata (Dragonflies and Damselflies)
Suborder Zygoptera (Damselflies)
Family Lestidae (Spreadwings)
Genus Archilestes
Species grandis (Great Spreadwing)
Other Common Names
USE: The Odonata of North America for Common Names
USE: The Odonata of North America for Scientific Names
Size
Length 50-62 mm, large for a damselfly.
Identification
A very large spreadwing with bold stripe on thorax.

The bright yellow stripe is the easiest fieldmark to see at a distance; it occurs on both males and females. Males are nearly always darker in color than females; females when laying eggs may appear putty-colored (much the same color as the withered leaves in which they lay eggs.) The eyes of males are bright lapis blue. The eyes of females are paler blue.
Range
Western and southern North America. (More common in western United States than in the east.) Also central America and northern South America. This species recently (1920's and later) expanded its range in North America to the east and north.
Habitat
Small ponds, streams.

This species breeds readily in heavily vegetated water gardens with unpolluted water, as well as in natural water. Females oviposit in vegetation such as water iris while clasped by male. Males perch "hanging" from such vegetation either over or near water, usually fairly low (under 2 feet.) Occasionally the nymphs can be spotted in winter, basking in sunwarmed shallow water alongside tadpoles...recognizable by their "Y" "tails" (actually, gills.)

Although Great Spreadwings are usually found close to water, we have also found them in a small woods on a seasonal stream, even when the stream had recently dried up.
Season
Summer into early fall.

Timing varies with temperature; these insects may show up in April in central Texas (and presumably other southern locations) and remain active until late fall (which here is November.)
Life Cycle
During mating, and after collection of sperm, the female cuts a slit in emergent vegetation and oviposits in it. Nymphs then develop underwater until they climb out, ready to emerge as adults. As with other Odonates, emergence usually occurs under cover of darkness.
Remarks
Great Spreadwings are relatively easy to photograph, as they will hold still for longer than many Odonate species, and when startled often return to the same perch or one nearby.
See Also
Great Spreadwings are substantially larger than other spreadwings, and are the only spreadwings with the broad yellow "racing stripe" on the side of the thorax.
Internet References
Giff Beaton's page has a photograph of A. grandis.
Odonata Central (Texas)--a good species account