Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
& Robinson, 1865 (2)
Macroglossa erato Boisduval, 1868
Euproserpinus mojave Comstock, 1938
There are three named Euproserpinus
species in America north of Mexico. (2)
Wingspan 3.2 - 4.2 cm. (2)
Last instar length 30 mm.
The revised 1868 "redescription" of this species by Grote & Robinson is here
(and their original 1865 description is here
Caterpillar ref image:
Mating pair ref image:
Southern California and southwestern Arizona to Baja California. (3)
Moth Photographers Group
- large map with some distribution data.
Adults are most common from February to April. (MPG)
Larval host plants include members of Camissonia
in the evening primrose family (Onagraceae).(5)
Comstock & Dammers (1934) stated that Hulbirt had recorded larvae on Camissonia (Oenothera) bistorta
(Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) P.H. Raven.
Comstock & Dammers (1934) description of the life cycle is available online in the "Print references"
Comstock, J.A. & C.M. Dammers (1934). Notes on the early stages of three butterflies and five moths from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 33: 141
Comstock, J. A. (1938). A new race of Euproserpinus phaeton
from the Mojave Desert. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 37: 33-42. (Full Text
, A.R. & C.T. Robinson (1865). A Synonymical Catalogue of North American Sphingidae, with Notes and Descriptions. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phila., 5:178
. [Orig. Description]
Grote, A.R. & C.T. Robinson (1868). Description of American Lepidoptera No. 4. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 2: 181
. [Revised Description]
Hodges, R.W. (1971). The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 21. p. 142; pl. 13.10, 12. (2)
McFarland, Noel (1966). The pupae of Euproserpinus phaeton mojave
(Sphingidae). J. Res. Lep., 5(4): 249-252. (Full Text
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler (2009). Moths of Western North America. pl. 41.11m; p. 246. (5)
Tuttle, J.P. (2007). The Hawk Moths of North America, A Natural History Study of the Sphingidae of the United States and Canada. p. 194; pl. 3.7-9. (6)