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Species Euproserpinus phaeton - Phaeton Primrose Sphinx - Hodges#7880

Sphingid larva? - Euproserpinus phaeton Colorful Cat - Euproserpinus phaeton Colorful Cat - Euproserpinus phaeton Colorful Cat - Euproserpinus phaeton Euproserpinus phaeton Euproserpinus phaeton Caterpillar  - Euproserpinus phaeton Euproserpinus phaeton  - Euproserpinus phaeton - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Macroglossini
Genus Euproserpinus
Species phaeton (Phaeton Primrose Sphinx - Hodges#7880)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Euproserpinus phaeton Grote(1) & Robinson, 1865 (2)
Macroglossa erato Boisduval, 1868
Euproserpinus mojave Comstock, 1938
There are three named Euproserpinus species in America north of Mexico. (2)
Wingspan 3.2 - 4.2 cm. (2)
Last instar length 30 mm.
The revised 1868 "redescription" of this species by Grote & Robinson is here (and their original 1865 description is here).
Caterpillar ref image:
Mating pair ref image:
Southern California and southwestern Arizona to Baja California. (3), (4), (2)
Moth Photographers Group - large map with some distribution data.
Adults are most common from February to April. (MPG)
Larval host plants include members of Camissonia and Oenothera in the evening primrose family (Onagraceae).(5)
Comstock & Dammers (1934) stated that Hulbirt had recorded larvae on Camissonia (Oenothera) bistorta (Nutt. ex Torr. & A. Gray) P.H. Raven.
Life Cycle
Comstock & Dammers (1934) description of the life cycle is available online in the "Print references" section below.
Adults are diurnal. (2)
See Also
Euproserpinus euterpe Hy. Edwards, 1888
Compare on the plates of Moth Photographers Group.
Print References
Comstock, J.A. & C.M. Dammers (1934). Notes on the early stages of three butterflies and five moths from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 33: 141.
Comstock, J. A. (1938). A new race of Euproserpinus phaeton from the Mojave Desert. Bull. So. Calif. Acad. Sci., 37: 33-42. (Full Text)
Grote, A.R. & C.T. Robinson (1865). A Synonymical Catalogue of North American Sphingidae, with Notes and Descriptions. Proc. Ent. Soc. Phila., 5:178. [Orig. Description]
Grote, A.R. & C.T. Robinson (1868). Description of American Lepidoptera No. 4. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 2: 181. [Revised Description]
Hodges, R.W. (1971). The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 21. p. 142; pl. 13.10, 12. (2)
McFarland, Noel (1966). The pupae of Euproserpinus phaeton mojave (Sphingidae). J. Res. Lep., 5(4): 249-252. (Full Text)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler (2009). Moths of Western North America. pl. 41.11m; p. 246. (5)
Tuttle, J.P. (2007). The Hawk Moths of North America, A Natural History Study of the Sphingidae of the United States and Canada. p. 194; pl. 3.7-9. (6)