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TaxonomyBrowse
Info
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Genus Pandemis

Three-lined Leafroller Moth? - Pandemis limitata Tortricidae: Pandemis limitana - Pandemis canadana Dark Fruit-tree Tortrix? - Pandemis limitata Pandemis - Pandemis limitata Woodgrain Leafroller - Pandemis limitata Pandemis pyrusana Pennsylvania Moth  - Pandemis lamprosana Pandemis limitata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Tortricinae
Tribe Archipini
Genus Pandemis
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Pandemis Hübner, 1825
Explanation of Names
Generic epithet from Greek πᾶν + δῆμος meaning "all the common people." Hübner named Syndemis (all the people together) in the same work.
Numbers
About 60 described species, mostly from Madagascar. Six species in North America, two introduced from Europe, all of which occur in British Columbia, according to (1). However, there are nine species in Bugguide.
Identification
Pohl, et al. (2016) list 9 species, all included here.(2) This guide should be used only as a first step in identification.

P. cerasana                  P. heparana                  P. lamprosana              P. limitata                    P. canadana                 P. pyrusana                 P. borealis                 P. coniferana               P. morrisana

            [missing]                   [missing]                   [missing]
Print References
Hübner, J., 1825. Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge, p.388.
Internet References
Annals Entomol. Soc. America. Phylogeny of Nearctic Pandemis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), With Focus on Species Boundaries in the P. limitata Group. 2012
Works Cited
1.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
2.Annotated taxonomic checklist of the Lepidoptera of North America, North of Mexico
Pohl, G.R., Patterson, B., & Pelham, J.P. 2016. ResearchGate.net.