Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Xestia dolosa Franclemont, 1980
Phylogenetic sequence # 933589
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed 50 species of the genus Xestia
in America north of Mexico. (1)
Specimen identified by DNA analysis (BOLD). (3)
In The Owlet Moths of Ohio, Roy Rings writes: "The maculation of X. c-nigrum is identical to X. dolosa. The best way to separate the two species is by size. X. c-nigrum averages 6 mm (fore wing apex to apex) smaller than X. dolosa."
Eastern United States; Arizona; British Columbia and Alberta records. (4)
The larva feed on crop plants such as barley, clovers, corn, and tobacco. Also reported on apple and maples.
Considered agricultural pest.
Considered invasive in this country (from Europe). (Capinera, John L. North American Vegetable Pests. The Pattern of Invasion. American Entomologist. Spring 2002)
Lesser Black-letter Dart
) is smaller but otherwise similar. In The Owlet Moths of Ohio
, Roy Rings writes: "The maculation of X. c-nigrum
is identical to X. dolosa
. The best way to separate the two species is by size. X. c-nigrum
averages 6 mm (fore wing apex to apex) smaller than X. dolosa
Another way to separate the two in some cases is by geographical range: X. dolosa
found west of a line from Texas to North Dakota and Manitoba. See BugGuide's c-nigrum/dolosa complex
Also compare other Xestia
species on the pinned plates of Moth Photographers Group
Lafontaine, J.D., 1998. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 27.3
. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation. p. 134; pl. 3.30-31.(2)