Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Family Reduviidae (Assassin Bugs)
Subfamily Triatominae (Kissing Bugs)
Other Common Names
Conenoses; barbeiro, bicudo, chupão (Brazil); vinchuca, chipo, pito, chinchorro, chirimacho, iquipito, chupon (in various Spanish-speaking Latin American countries); Bush Chinch (Belize)(1)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Triatominae Jeannel, 1919
Explanation of Names
Type-genus: Triatoma Laporte, 1832.
ca. 120 spp. in 14 genera and 5 tribes worldwide (all but 12 s. Asian spp. are restricted to the Americas)(1); 11 spp. in 2 genera north of Mexico (one Paratriatoma spp., others in Triatoma)
5-45 mm (most spp. 20-28 mm)(1). In the US, individuals range from 13-33 mm.
The subfamily is characterized by hemelytra without a quadrate cell, antennal segments not subdivided, transverse constriction of pronotum at or before middle, rostrum more or less straight (not arcuate) and antenniferous tubercles projecting laterally from head.
The subfamily was revised in a exceptional monograph by Lent & Wygodzinsky (1979)(2). This is undoubtedly the most important work in the vast sea of Triatominae literature, particularly regarding identification of the group's taxa.
mostly New World (from s. Argentina to central US) + 12 spp. in s. Asia and a single pantropical sp. (Triatoma rubrofasciata) in Africa(1)
Sheltered habitats used by the hosts(1) ie caves, logs, nests, human habitations, etc.
Blood of various tetrapods (mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians)(1).
12 spp. in 3 genera (Triatoma, Rhodnius, Panstrongylus) are considered major vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi (the causative agent of Chagas Disease), but none of those occur in our area(1).
Contributed by v belov on 3 April, 2010 - 9:36pm Additional contributions by drswanny Last updated 5 April, 2010 - 12:41pm
Disclaimer: Dedicated naturalists volunteer their time and resources here to provide this service. We strive to provide accurate information, but we are mostly just amateurs attempting to make sense of a diverse natural world. If you need expert professional advice, contact your local extension office.