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Species Psorophora columbiae - Dark Ricefield Mosquito

New Psorophora for Bugguide! columbiae! - Psorophora columbiae - female Male - Psorophora columbiae - male Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae Dark Ricefield Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae mosquito - Psorophora columbiae Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae - female Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae - female Mosquito - Psorophora columbiae - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Culicomorpha (Mosquitoes and Midges)
Family Culicidae (Mosquitoes)
Tribe Aedini
Genus Psorophora
Species columbiae (Dark Ricefield Mosquito)
Other Common Names
known as the "Glades Mosquito" in FL
Pronunciation
colum-bee-aye
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Psorophora columbiae (Dyar and Knab)
Orig. Comb: Janthinosoma columbiae Dyar and Knab 1906
Syn: Ps. confinnis
Size
Medium-sized mosquito.
Identification
large dark mosquito - FMEL
- banded abdomen and legs - FMEL
- base of proboscis has wide pale band - FMEL
Adult: Medium-sized, dark brown or dull black in color. Proboscis dark on apical quarter, remainder yellowish, although dark scales present at base. Femora with narrow subapical pale ring, tibiae liberally sprinkled with white scales, 1st tarsomere with median stripe, and all tarsomeres with basal white stripes. Wing veins with dark and pale scales intermixed.
Larva: Antenna much shorter than head, Setae 5-C and 6-C with four or more branches, base in a straight line to 7-C, siphon moderately inflated (bulbous) medially, 3-6 widely spaced pecten teeth, Seta 1-S as long as apical width of siphon.
Range
e. US to so. CA (1) / W. Indies / Mex. to S. Amer. (Meisch 1994)
reaches its greatest abundance in the rice growing areas of the southwestern U.S. where astronomical numbers, similar in magnitude to the production of saltmarsh mosquitoes, may occur. (Meisch 1994)
Habitat
Larvae in temporary and permanent pools, with grassy or wooded margins, often abundant in rice fields.
Differing accounts say that oviposition occurs on rank vegetation surrounding pools, or on bare mud.
Season
Multivoltine in parts of their range, depending on rainfall.
Food
Larvae: Filter feeders
Adults: Males and females feed on nectar, females said to seek bloodmeals from any warm-blooded host, especially cattle.
Life Cycle
Overwinters as diapausing egg. Eggs can withstand desiccation.
The females are furious biters in day or night. Hosts include any warm blooded animal; however bovine blood seems to be preferred. (Meisch 1994)
Remarks
*Information on this page provided by Sean McCann.
See Also
Psorophora pygmaea, hindtarsomere 1 dark-scaled except for narrow basal pale ring.
Psorophora discolor, hindtarsomere 1 largely pale-scaled, dark and light wing scales in definite pattern.
Print References
Meisch, M.V. 1994. The dark ricefield mosquito Psorophora columbiae. Wing Beats, 5(1): 8.
Internet References
Rutgers - Dr. Max Meisch
Works Cited
1.Mosquitoes of the southeastern United States
Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena. 2013. The University of Alabama Press. xiii + 188 pp.