Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Horama panthalon (Fabricius, 1793)
Zygaena panthalon Fabricius 1793
North American subspecies is Horama panthalon texana.
Phylogenetic sequence # 930465
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed two species of the genus Horama
in America north of Mexico. (1)
The wingspan is 32-34 mm.
Abdomen purplish/brown/black with many orange rings, hind legs black and orange with a large feathering on the tibiae
*), antennae black with orange tips, thorax and head black with orange and white markings, wings brown.
Some examples lack the orange abdominal bands (3)
Thought to be a Batesian mimic of paper wasps, Polistes
*Sexual dimorphism in tibial scales not mentioned by Dietz and Duckworth (5)
, and they say males and females are similar.
c. TX to S. Amer., strays from AZ to FL - Map
Usually found on flowers, esp. Eupatorium (3)
Moth Photographers Group
- large map with some distribution data. (6)
Caterpillar and larval food unrecorded (almost). "Adult has been collected at Wislizenia refracta var. mamillata (Capparidaceae)" (5)
. That plant is called " jackass-clover or spectacle fruit". One record of caterpillar on Desert Yaupon, Schaefferia cuneifolia
, (Celastraceae)--see iNaturalist
Common to abundant in southmost Texas (3)
Verification needed that only males have tufts of hair-like scales on tibiae--all images to date seem to have this feature, and some of these have more plumose antennae than others, indicating both sexes are being seen--Patrick Coin
4 February 2021.
Covell, p. 77 plate 11-17 (7)
Eaton and Kaufman, pp. 262-263 (8)
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. p. 274, pl. 49.8.(9)