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Genus Mycodrosophila

Rotting tree dweller 15 - Mycodrosophila fly 63 - Mycodrosophila 6011483 Mycodrosphila - Mycodrosophila dimidiata Drosophilidae - Mycodrosophila Mycodrosophila claytonae - Mycodrosophila Fly - Mycodrosophila Unknown Fly - Mycodrosophila Unknown Fly - Mycodrosophila
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Acalyptratae")
Superfamily Ephydroidea
Family Drosophilidae (Vinegar Flies)
Subfamily Drosophilinae
Genus Mycodrosophila
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
revised in(1)
Explanation of Names
Mycodrosophila Oldenberg 1914
Three North American species; many more tropical
2-3 mm
"Species of Mycodrosophila are readily recognized by the following combination of characters: distal costal incision of the wing exceptionally deep, the apex of the first costal section forming a thickened, protruding, black lappet; mesonotum arched dorsally, giving a "humped-back" appearance, shiny, and with only a single pair of dorsocentral bristles; scutellum dull and velvety, the basal scutellar bristles short, convergent; arista with a single ventral branch basal to the terminal fork. Most species are dark brown to black above, contrasting pale whitish below, but there are some exceptions and, in addition, there are species of Drosophila (subgenus Hirtodrosophila) and Zygothrica with a similar color pattern."(1)
The key in Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2(2) distinguishes the genus by the deeply incised subcostal break with black lappet and either one pair of dorsocentral bristles or scutellum velvety.
"The species all appear to be frequenters of fungi, principally of the shelflike Polyporus types."(1)
Print References
Junges, João et al. 2016. Two new species of Mycodrosophila (Diptera, Drosophilidae) proposed by molecular and morphological approaches, with a key to American species. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 60: 30–39 online
Works Cited
1.A revision of the American species of Mycodrosophila
Wheeler M.R., Takada H. 1963. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 56: 392-399.
2.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.