Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Subfamily Arctiinae - Tiger and Lichen Moths

I believe this is Estigmene acrea .... is that right? - Estigmene acrea Horde of caterpillars - Spilosoma virginica red moth - Empyreuma pugione Cycnia inopinatus - Cycnia collaris Gnamptonychia ventralis pinned specimen ventral view - Inopsis modulata - female Caterpillar on milkweed - Cycnia collaris Virbia sp. - Virbia Caterpillar - Lophocampa argentata
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Arctiinae (Tiger and Lichen Moths)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly family Arctiidae.
Explanation of Names
From the type genus Arctia, from Greek meaning "bear", for the appearance of the hairy larvae. (1)
265 species in 88 genera listed at; 2 tribes in North America [Arctiini, Lithosiini]; a third tribe [Syntomini] is restricted to the Old World
about 11,000 species in three tribes worldwide
cosmopolitan; more diverse in the tropics
Life Cycle
See one example
Some of the information on this page was taken from the old Arctiidae page, with contributions from Troy Bartlett, cotinis, john and jane balaban, and Robin McLeod.
Print References
Hodges, R.W., T. Dominick, D.R. Davis, D.C. Ferguson, J.G. Franclemont, E.G. Munroe, and J.A. Powell. 1983. Check list of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. E.W. Classey Ltd. and The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation. London. 282 pages.
Jacobson, N.L., and S.J. Weller. 2002. A cladistic study of the tiger moth family Arctiidae (Noctuoidea) based on larval and adult morphology. Thomas Say Monograph Series, Ent. Soc. America.
Kitching, I.J., and J.E. Rawlins. 1999. (The Noctuoidea, pp. 355-401 in Kristensen N.P. (editor). Lepidoptera: Moths and butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, systematics and biogeography. Handbook of Zoology/Handbuch der Zoologie. Walter de Gruyter. Berlin/New York).
Internet References
Moths of Southeastern Arizona--gives subfamilies, tribes according to classification of Hodges et al (1983), now outdated
description, numbers, and biology (Gerald Fauske, North Dakota State U.)
links to pinned adult images of species in western Canada (CBIF)
links to pinned adult images of species in eastern Canada (CBIF)
classification of superfamily Noctuoidea, showing seven families (All-Leps)
Interesting Journal of Lepidopterists' Society article on how new Arctiids are crossing our border with Mexico here
Zootaxa. Checklist of Arctiinae of US and Canada.
Works Cited
1.An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera, with hints on the derivation of the names.
Anonymous. 1858. The Entomological Societies of Oxford and Cambridge.