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Species Eucopina gloriola - White Pine Shoot-borer - Hodges#3066

White-pine Shoot Borer  - Eucopina gloriola White Pine Shoot-borer - Eucopina gloriola White Pine Shoot-borer - Eucopina gloriola Eucopina gloriola Eucopina gloriola Eucopina gloriola White Pine Shoot-borer - Eucopina gloriola Eucopina gloriola
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Eucosmini
Genus Eucopina
Species gloriola (White Pine Shoot-borer - Hodges#3066)
Hodges Number
3066
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eucopina gloriola (Heinrich, 1931) (1)
Eucosma gloriola Heinrich, 1931
Size
Heinrich (1931) listed the wingspans 12-15 mm.
Identification
Heinrich (1931) original description as Eucosma gloriola is online in the print references.
Season
The main flight period is April to July.
Food
Eastern white, jack, red, Scotch, Austrian, and mugho pines.(2)
Life Cycle
Eggs are laid on needle sheaths on new shoots or laterals during May and early June. Young larvae bore into the pith a few inches above the node of the new shoot and construct tunnels several inches long toward the tip. Infested shoots are eventually girdled from the inside. The full-grown larva bores a hole to the outside then drops to the ground. There is spins a pupation cocoon in the litter or just below the soil surface.(2)
Overwinters as a pupa.(2)
Remarks
Considered a serious pest beacuse the larvae damage the shoots of conifers.
Print References
Gilligan, Wright & Gibson, 2008. Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States: p. 106.144. (3)
Gilligan, T.M., Wright, D.J., Munz, J., Yakobson, K. & M.P. Simmons, 2014. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini). Systematic Entomology 39(1): 61. (1)
Heinrich, C., 1931. A new Pine moth from Connecticut. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 33: 196.
Works Cited
1.Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of Eucosma (Hübner) and related genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Eucosmini)
Todd M. Gilligan, Donald J. Wright, Jacob Munz, Kendra Yakobson, Mark P. Simmons. 2014. Systematic Entomology, 39(1): 49–67.
2.Eastern Forest Insects
Whiteford L. Baker. 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture · Forest Service.
3.Olethreutine Moths of the Midwestern United States, An Identification Guide
Gilligan, Todd M., Donald J. Wright, and Loran D. Gibson. 2008. Ohio Biological Survey, P.O. Box 21370, Columbus, Ohio 43221-0370.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems