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Species Caradrina montana - Civil Rustic - Hodges#9656

Caradrina montana Caradrina montana Worn Moth - Caradrina montana Civil Rustic - Caradrina montana Civil Rustic - Hodges#9656 - Caradrina montana Civil Rustic Moth  - Caradrina montana Caradrina - Caradrina montana Caradrina montana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Caradrinini
Subtribe Caradrinina
Genus Caradrina
Species montana (Civil Rustic - Hodges#9656)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Platyperigea montana
Caradrina cinerascens
Caradrina extima
Jan Metlevski notes here that the former genus Platyperigea was demoted to a subgenus of Caradrina by Hermann Hacker in 2004 (see Print References below)
Explanation of Names
MONTANA: from the Latin "montanus" (belonging to a mountain); perhaps a reference to the terrain where the type specimen was collected (?) - presumably in Europe, where the species is widespread
wingspan 26-31 mm
forewing pale gray or brownish-gray with dark reniform and orbicular spots; reniform spot has white dots around perimeter; AM and PM lines usually broken into dots; 4 or 5 black marks along costa; subterminal area may have dark shading
hindwing white with dark-spotted terminal line
western North America: Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories, south to California, west to New Mexico, north to Manitoba, plus several recent records from southern Ontario (species may be listed under one of its synonyms; see Synonyms section above)
also occurs throughout Europe and western Asia
dry open forests
adults fly in summer
larvae feed on leaves of alfalfa (Medicago sativa), dock (Rumex spp.), hawkweed (Hieracium spp.), plantain (Plantago spp.), sow-thistle (Sonchus spp.)
The species was described by Bremer in 1861.
See Also
Rare Sand Quaker (Caradrina meralis) forewing has very faint or absent lines
Caradrina multifera has bolder markings, brownish spots in the subterminal area, and doesn't occur west of Manitoba/Minnesota (except for disjunct population in British Columbia)
Two Protoperigea species are similar but lack white dots around the reniform spot, lack a conspicuous orbicular spot, and have continuous (not broken) lines
Print References
Hacker, Hermann. 2004. Revision of the genus Caradrina Ochsenheimer, 1816, with notes on other genera of the tribus Caradrini (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Esperiana. Vol. 10.