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Species Pieris angelika - Arctic White - Hodges#4195.5

Arctic White - Pieris angelika Pieris angelika? - Pieris angelika Pieris angelika? - Pieris angelika arctic white butterfly Pieris angelika?  - Pieris angelika
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Pieridae (Whites, Sulphurs, Yellows)
Subfamily Pierinae (Whites)
Tribe Pierini (Cabbage Whites, Checkered Whites, Albatrosses)
Genus Pieris
Species angelika (Arctic White - Hodges#4195.5)
Hodges Number
4195.5
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Pieris angelika Eitschberger, 1984. Type locality: Keno, Yukon, Canada 4600 ft.

?Pieris hulda W. H. Edwards, 1869. Type locality: Kodiak, Alaska [note: perhaps belongs with Pieris angelika instead]
?Pieris napi pseudobryoniae W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916. Type locality: Nulato, Alaska [note: perhaps belongs with Pieris angelika instead]
?Pieris marginalis browni Eitschberger 1983. Type locality: Mile 48, Kongarok Rd., Big Creek, Seward Peninsula, Alaska 750ft. elevation [note: perhaps belongs with Pieris angelika instead]
?Pieris marginalis guppyi Eitschberger, 1983. Type locality: Skagway, Alaska [note: perhaps belongs with Pieris angelika instead]
?Pieris marginalis tremblayi Eitschberger, 1983. Type locality: mile 147, Alaska Highway, Pink Mountain, British Columbia 5000ft elevation [note: perhaps belongs with Pieris angelika instead]

P. angelika, P. marginalis, & P. oleracea are closely related to Eurasian P. napi (Green-veined White), and are often treated as subspecies of it. Just where P. marginalis, oleracea, and angelika displace one another is still unresolved, with different studies giving somewhat contradictory results. Some evidence strongly suggests that P. angelika should perhaps be treated as part of P. oleracea, and that northern populations currently placed by some authors within P. marginalis should really belong under P. angelika or P. oleracea.
Identification
Distinction from P. marginalis & P. oleracea is based primarily on geography. P. angelika is a more northwestern species.
See further notes under P. oleracea.
Range
North from northernmost British Columbia & Alberta, across NW Territories & Yukon to near the Arctic coast, and west across Alaska.
Internet References