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Species Anagrapha falcifera - Celery Looper - Hodges#8924

Celery looper moth / Anagrapha falcifera - Anagrapha falcifera Celery Looper - Anagrapha falcifera unknown moth - Anagrapha falcifera Celery Looper - Anagrapha falcifera Celery Looper - Hodges#8924 - Anagrapha falcifera Moth or small butterfly - Anagrapha falcifera Moth Anagrapha falcifera - Anagrapha falcifera Anagrapha falcifera with orchid pollinaria attached to its eyes - Anagrapha falcifera
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Plusiinae (Looper Moths)
Tribe Plusiini
Subtribe Plusiina
Genus Anagrapha
Species falcifera (Celery Looper - Hodges#8924)
Hodges Number
8924
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Anagrapha falcifera (Kirby, 1837)
Plusia falcifera Kirby, 1837
Autographa falcifera
Syngrapha falcifera
Autographa simplicima Ottolengui, 1902
Phylogenetic sequence # 931234
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed Anagrapha falcifera as the only species in America north of Mexico. (1)
Size
Pogue (2005) listed the forewing length of 14-18 mm. (2)
Covell (1984) listed the wingspan of 32-34 mm. (3)
Identification
Adults - forewing smooth gray to grayish-brown in basal, costal, and terminal areas; median area with large rectangular dark brown patch along inner margin; silvery-white AM line curves outward and merges with slender stigma, shaped liked a "long-tailed goldfish"; reddish spot usually visible just beyond stigma; upper portion of subterminal line near costa has dark shading, giving the appearance of a dark diagonal apical dash; antennae simple; sexes alike. Hindwing yellowish with grayish-brown basal and terminal shading.

Larvae - body pale green, tapering from back to front; white lateral line contains row of white spiracles edged in black; thoracic legs and head green; only two pairs of mid-abdominal prolegs (typical of Plusiinae larva).
Range
Eichlin & Cunningham (1978) reported the range to include Nova Scotia to British Columbia and all of the United States. (4)
Habitat
Open areas, including roadsides, meadows, pastures, gardens, cropland, bogs, etc.
Season
Adults fly from March to November in the south; May to September in the north. Larvae may be present spring through fall.
Food
Larvae feed on large variety of low plants: beet, blueberry, cabbage, carrot, celery, clover, corn, lettuce, plantain, Viburnum species. Adults nectar on flowers of various herbaceous plants.
Life Cycle
Overwinters as a pupa in the soil; adult emerges in spring when temperatures reach 10 degrees Celsius; two or more overlapping generations per year.
Remarks
Adults are active day and night, and are attracted to light.
See Also
Autographa pseudogamma (Delicate Silver Y Moth) has dark basal, costal, and subterminal areas, and a more sinuous AM line. It lacks a dark apical dash (compare images of both species).
Autographa gamma, another Eurasian species, listed as "Species to Watch For" in Wyoming and Oregon. As of January 2006 no Internet references could be found to indicate that the Silver Y Moth has been recorded in the wild in North America. See European images of Autographa gamma ( 1, 2, 3 ).
Print References
Covell Jr., C.V., 1984. Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America. p.158, pl.31, f.7(3)
Eichlin, T.D. & H.B. Cunningham 1978. The Plusiinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of America north of Mexico, emphasizing genitalic and larval morphology. USDA Tech. Bulletin 1567: 1-122. (4)
Lafontaine, J.D. & R.W. Poole, 1991. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 25.1. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation, p. 124; pl. 2.40-44.(5)
Ottolengui, R. 1902. Plusia and allied genera with descriptions of new species. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 10: 74, pl. 6, f. 6. (6)
Pogue, M. G. 2005. The Plusiinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Zootaxa 1032: 1–28. (2)
Powell, J.A., and P.A. Opler 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, p.279, pl.50.8.(7)
Internet References
pinned adult image plus description, distribution, host plants (Gerald Fauske, Moths of North Dakota)
live adult images (Larry Line, Maryland)
live adult images (Bruce Marlin, Illinois)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.The Plusiinae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) of Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Michael G, Pogue. 2005. Magnolia Press Zootaxa 1032: 1–28.
3.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
4.The Plusiinae (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) of America north of Mexico, emphasizing genitalic and larval morphology
Thomas D. Eichlin, Hugh B. Cunningham. 1978. United States Department of Agriculture Technical Bulletin 1567: 1-121.
5.The Moths of America North of Mexico. Fascicle 25.1. Noctuoidea, Noctuidae (part), Plusiinae
J. Donald Lafontaine, Robert W. Poole. 1991. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
6.Plusia and allied genera with descriptions of new species
R. Ottolengui. 1902. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 10(2): 57-77.
7.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
8.Pacific Northwest Moths
9.North American Moth Photographers Group
10.The Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)