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Species Pachodynerus erynnis

mason wasp - Pachodynerus erynnis Mason Wasp - Pachodynerus erynnis Red/Black Wasp? - Pachodynerus erynnis Wasp - Pachodynerus erynnis Wasp - Pachodynerus erynnis Black & red wasp visiting wet sand - Pachodynerus erynnis - female Rufous red marked potter wasp - Pachodynerus erynnis - male Pachodynerus erynnis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon (Aculeata - Ants, Bees and Stinging Wasps)
Superfamily Vespoidea
Family Vespidae
Subfamily Eumeninae (Potter and Mason Wasps)
Genus Pachodynerus
Species erynnis (Pachodynerus erynnis)
Other Common Names
Red-and-black Mason Wasp (note: applies to several species, particularly in Florida)
Red-marked Keyhole Wasp
Red-marked Pachodynerus
Explanation of Names
Pachodynerus erynnis (Lepeletier, 1841)
Size
Forewing: ♂ ~9 mm, ♀ 10.5–11 mm(1)
Identification
P. erynnis is the only red-marked species of its genus in the US (Matthews & Gonzalez 2004). However, the same general color pattern is shared by various Eumeninae species in Florida (Euodynerus, Parancistrocerus, Stenodynerus). Pachodynerus erynnis can be readily distinguished easily from these look-alikes by the absence of a red spot behind the eyes, in addition to structural differences (e.g. T1 of the abdomen).

                  
            P. erynnis                            Face, ♀                      Face, ♂
Range
se US (occasionally strays into so. ON)(1)
Habitat
Often nests under siding boards of buildings
Food
Adults are nectar feeders and hunt caterpillars as food for larvae
Life Cycle
Solitary. A parent wasp builds mud cells or uses empty cells of other mud-building wasp species, provisioning the nest with caterpillars. One larva per cell.
Remarks
seen using empty cells built by Zeta argillaceum, a neotropical species recently introduced to Florida. May also re-use nests of mud-dauber wasps or build its own.
probably parasitized by Chrysis angolensis
See Also
In Florida, there are several other species with a red-and-black color pattern. Several of these are found in local subspecies.

                      
     Euodynerus apopkensis              E. boscii                         E. castigatus

                    
    Parancistrocerus fulvipes            Par. histro                     Par. salcularis

                    
    Stenodynerus histrionalis        S. fundatiformis                 S. lineatifrons
Print References
Matthews R.W., Gonzalez J.M. (2004) Nesting biology of Zeta argillaceum (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) in southern Florida, US. Fla Entomol 87: 37-40. Full text
Internet References
Fact sheet (Laplante et al. 2020)(2)
Fact sheet (Linton 2015)
Works Cited
1.Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of the Northeastern Nearctic Region
Matthias Buck, Stephen A. Marshall, and David K. B. Cheung. 2008. Biological Survey of Canada [Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification].
2.University of Florida: Featured Creatures