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Species Emarginea percara - Beloved Emarginea Moth - Hodges#9718

Beloved Emarginea - Emarginea percara  Moth - Emarginea percara Moth - Emarginea percara 9718  - Emarginea percara Emarginea percara? - Emarginea percara Emarginea percara Emarginea percara? - Emarginea percara Emarginea percara? - Emarginea percara
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Amphipyrinae
Tribe Psaphidini
Subtribe Nocloina
Genus Emarginea
Species percara (Beloved Emarginea Moth - Hodges#9718)
Hodges Number
9718
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Emarginea percara (Morrison, 1875)
Bryophila percara Morrison, 1875
Cyathissa ochracea Smith, 1906
Cyathissa pallida Smith, 1902 (1)
Cyathissa quadrate Smith, 1906
phylogenetic sequence # 931606
Size
Wingspan about 20-24 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing whitish with distinct green tint in live specimens; large dark gray irregular U-shaped patch in median area, with the ends of the "U" touching the costa; smaller dark gray patch along inner margin near anal angle; blackish basal dash usually present; outer margin with shallow notch near apex; hindwing dirty yellowish-gray with darker gray PM line.

Specimens identified by DNA analysis:
Range
Maryland to Florida, west to Oklahoma and California. (2), (3), (4), (5), (6)
Season
Records of adults are mostly from April to October. (3)
Food
Larvae feed on leaves of mistletoe, Phoradendron spp.
Remarks
In a study of another mistletoe-feeding species, the Great Purple Hairstreak, the larvae of Emarginea percara were found to be heavily preyed upon by the bordered plant bug Largus cinctus and predatory stink bug Podisus acutissimus (Whittaker, 1984).
E. pallida was "redefined as a very pale desert form of E. percara known from the deserts of southeastern California, southernmost Nevada, and western Arizona" in Lafontaine & Schmidt (2015). (1)
See Also
Dark-collared Emarginea Moth - Emarginea dulcinea - Note, the collar (behind the head) is solid-black.
Print References
Morrison, H.K. 1875. List of a collection of Texan Noctuidae, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 17: 213-214
Whittaker, P.L. 1984. Population biology of the Great Purple Hairstreak Atlides halesus in Texas (Lycaenidae). The Journal of The Lepidopterists' Society 39(3): 184
Internet References
pinned adult images showing yellowish wings (Bruce Walsh, Moths of Southeastern Arizona)