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Species Euxoa velleripennis - Fleece-winged Dart - Hodges#10803

black moth - top - Euxoa velleripennis Fleece-winged Dart - Euxoa velleripennis Fleece-winged Dart - Hodges#10803 - Euxoa velleripennis Fleece-winged Dart - Euxoa velleripennis Noctuidae - Euxoa velleripennis Euxoa velleripennis (Fleece-Winged Dart) - Euxoa velleripennis - female Euxoa velleripennis? - Euxoa velleripennis - female Euxoa velleripennis  - Euxoa velleripennis
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Noctuini
Subtribe Agrotina
Genus Euxoa
No Taxon (Subgenus Euxoa)
Species velleripennis (Fleece-winged Dart - Hodges#10803)
Hodges Number
10803
Explanation of Names
FLEECE-WINGED: refers to the male's hindwings, which are "white as fleece"
Size
wingspan 35-40 mm
Identification
forewing very dark gray with black AM and PM lnes that show little contrast against ground color; reniform, orbicular, and claviform spots outlined in black; center of reniform spot with obscure paler area; orbicular spot very large (touches AM line and almost touches reniform spot)
hindwing white in male; gray in female
at rest, the wings are overlapped and held against the body (not side-by-side to form a triangular shape, as in Apamea impulsa etc. - see comparison notes in See Also section below)
Range
Nova Scotia to Maryland, west to Arizona, north to North Dakota and Manitoba
Season
adults fly from June to October (most common in August and September)
Food
larval host unknown
See Also
Apamea impulsa and mixta have small orbicular spots that do not come close to touching the reniform spot. (compare images of these species) Their flight period ends in August, and their resting posture is also different: the wings are held flat together but do not overlap, giving an overall triangular shape when viewed from above (Jeff Crolla and Don Lafontaine, pers. comm.)
May also be confused with other dark-winged species of Euxoa: E. adumbrata has a pale fringe and pale-rimmed orbicular spot, E. fumalis has a purplish-gray forewing and an orbicular spot consisting of a dark dot, and E. perpolita has blackish-brown forewings with virtually no discernible markings. (compare images of these species)
Internet References
pinned adult image of male (CBIF)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (CBIF data, presented by U. of Alberta)
live adult image (David Beadle - Ontario Moths)
pinned adult image, ID information (Moths of North Dakota)