Family Aderidae - Ant-like Leaf Beetles
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Tenebrionoidea (Fungus, Bark, Darkling and Blister Beetles)
Family Aderidae (Ant-like Leaf Beetles)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Xylophilidae Shuckard 1840, Euglenesidae (=Euglenidae) Seidlitz 1875, Hylophilidae Pic 1900
but many western species still undescribed(2)
Tribal and generic limits remain unclear; world fauna has to be examined to resolve these limits(2)
Explanation of Names
Aderidae Csiki 1909
4 tribes, with ~50 species in 11 genera in our area(2)
and ~900 spp. in 50 genera total(3)
Overview of nearctic generaFamily Aderidae
Somewhat ant-like. Head strongly deflexed, wider than long, and wider than pronotum, abruptly constricted at base in most. Eyes usually large, coarsely granulate and weakly to strongly emarginate, with setae between facets. Two basal abdominal sternites fused.
Adults found on the underside of leaves of various trees and shrubs, and. Larvae in rotting wood, bee nests, termite nests, leaf litter, under bark.(2)
Adults are collected by beating/sweeping vegetation; sifting litter; using Malaise, flight intercept, or light traps; and by pyrethin knockdown. (4)(5)
Larvae poorly known. Only those of 3 genera have been described.(2)
One Australasian genus (Megaxenus
) is termitophilus. Larvae of Vanonus balteatus
were found in the nesting substrate of a bee nest in Mexico, probably feeding on fungi on decaying nesting material.(4)
|1.||Revision of the Aderidae of eastern North America.|
Werner, F.G. 1990. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 98: 187-232.
|2.||American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea|
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
|4.||Coleoptera, Beetles; Morphology and Systematics vol. 2|
Richard A.B. Leschen, Rolf G. Beutel and John F. Lawrence. 2010. De Gruyter.
|5.||The Aderidae (Coleoptera) of Latimer County, Oklahoma, USA.|
Stephan et al. . 2020. The Coleopterists Bulletin, 74(4): 786-790.