Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Discussion of 2018 gathering

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

Photos of insects and people from the 2012 gathering in Alabama

Photos of insects and people from the 2011 gathering in Iowa

Photos from the 2010 Workshop in Grinnell, Iowa

Photos from the 2009 gathering in Washington

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Genus Encoptolophus

Band-winged Grasshopper - Encoptolophus costalis - male Green and Brown - Encoptolophus costalis - female Hopper adult female barrens - Encoptolophus sordidus - female Encoptolophus pallidus - female Clouded  Grasshopper Nymph - Encoptolophus sordidus Grasshopper weatherford lake - Encoptolophus subgracilis - male Grasshopper Acton TX 2 - Encoptolophus costalis - male Green Grasshopper - Encoptolophus costalis - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Oedipodinae (Band-winged Grasshoppers)
Tribe Chortophagini
Genus Encoptolophus
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Encoptolophus Scudder, 1875. Type species: Oedipoda sordida Burmeister
Nebulatettix R.A. Gómez, D.C. Lightfoot & K.B. Miller, 2012. Type species: Encoptolophus subgracilis Caudell
Explanation of Names
The genus name Nebulatettix has recently [R.A. Gómez, et al, August 6, 2012] been described to encompass the species Encoptolophus subgracilis, pallidus, & robustus. These species differ from the remainder of Encoptolophus species in certain respects, and this genus may be well-founded; however, these species are left under their traditional placement within Encoptolophus on BugGuide, for the time being.
Numbers
7 species in Encoptolophus, with five found north of Mexico.
Size
About 16 to 30 mm. Most average around 20 - 26 mm, with males smaller than females, and individuals generally larger (within a single species) in the south or at low elevation than in the north or higher up.
Identification
Smallish (averaging under 1.5 inches long) grasshoppers mostly of open seasonally moist (often saline or alkaline) grassy environments with bare patches of ground. Often quite abundant in pastures, hay fields, and other mowed grass areas. With crest of pronotum moderately raised and always distinct, only cut or notched once. Hind tibiae are usually blue, brownish, or nearly black, with a darker area near the base.

Could be confused with Arphia or Lactista, but with the body generally smoother; usually with prominent large quadrate dark spots on lower half of folded tegmina; hind wings not brightly colored; and with no bold dark cross band, but rather dark clouding on the outer end of the wing. Other similar genera related to Arphia also have brightly colored hind wings, usually with a dark band.

Similar to, and closely related to Chortophaga & Chimarocephala, which generally have the "forehead" less rounded, more nearly "squared off" and projecting considerably in front of the eyes. The pronotal crest is usually higher. Adults are usually most common in early spring (but later generations may occur southward too). Chimarocephala pacifica usually has the pronotum and head rather strongly roughened. Chortophaga is usually larger.

Conozoa may be similar in appearance, but are usually more slender, with the lower rear angle of each side of the pronotum usually toothed, or at least projecting somewhat downward; the top of the pronotum is usually flatter with more sharply defined edges; and again the hind wing usually has a prominent dark cross band. Also, if in the same environment Conozoa usually have red or yellow hind tibiae.

Shotwellia is similar and also closely related, but has yellowish hind tibiae with a dark area near the base. The pronotal crest is low, barely raised at all, and cut more than once. Also, Shotwellia are considerably larger insects, with little if any overlap in size.
Range
North America, mostly south of Canada
Food
Presumably mostly grasses
Life Cycle
Varies with species, but in cold winter areas apparently all overwinter as eggs. In southern areas multiple broods may be produced by several species. Mostly adults are most commonly seen in summer.
Remarks
The genus is composed of at least two distinctive groups that could one day be separated into more than one genus [*]. One group contains stocky insects (E. costalis, sordidus, fuliginosus, etc.) with usually a prominent stigma (area with thickened veins and often dark color) near the front margin of the hind wings, and adults of (apparently?) all species can crepitate (buzz) in flight (but this needs verified for several species). The other group (E. pallidus, robustus, & subgracilis[/i) contains more slender insects with the stigma of the wing poorly developed, and these do not crepitate in flight. [i]Chimarocephala californica has been put both in this genus and in Chimarocephala, but seems out of place in Encoptolophus.

It seems that most (if not all) species are attracted to bright lights in evening.

[* note: see above under 'Explanation of Names' - August, 2012]
Print References
Gómez, R. Antonio, David C. Lightfoot, and Kelly B. Miller, 2012 [August 6]. 'A phylogenetic review of the North American Band-winged Grasshopper Genus Encoptolophus Scudder, with Description of Nebulatettix gen.n. (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Oedipodinae)'. Insect Systematics & Evolution 43: 117–145