Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Gelinae of Townes (=Phygadeuontinae of authors) is now split into a separate subfamily, Phygadeuontinae
, by Santos (2017). However, these name historically had been applied to a singular subfamily comprising Cryptinae + Phygadeuontinae.
Largest subfamily of Ichneumonidae. Almost 400 genera in 4 tribes, 3 tribes with 765 spp. in 106 genera represented north of Mexico(1)(2)
Narrow convex clypeus, visible sternaulus, strong notauli, depressed abdomen with the first segment slender basally becoming widened apically, and ovipositor about half the length of the abdomen.
Mostly external parasites of pupae and cocoons; a few attack wood-boring beetle larvae, others attack larvae of Diptera, a few are hyperparasites of braconids and other ichneumonid wasps.(4)
Santos, Bernardo F. 2017. Phylogeny and reclassification of Cryptini (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cryptinae), with implications for ichneumonid higher-level classification. Systematic Entomology 42(4): 650–676. (abstract
(NB: This source follows Townes's classification)