Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Xylophanes tersa (Linnaeus)
Sphinx tersa Linnaeus 1771
Adult moth: Note pointed abdomen, contrasting black markings on hindwing.
Caterpillar: One large eyespot and six smaller ones progressing down the body, with a light stripe roughly bisecting the eyespots. Black "horn" on rear end. Both green and brown forms are known. In earlier instars, smaller eyespots are barely visible and striping more pronounced.
TX-FL-NY-IA / Mex, W. Indies - Map
Resident year-round in southern states and migrates north in warmer months.
mostly: June-October (1 brood), year-round (several broods) in Florida (BG data)
Adults take nectar from deep-throated flowers.
Larvae feed on Madder Family, Rubiaceae, including Smooth buttonplant (Spermacoce glabra), starclusters (Pentas species), Borreria, Manettia; and Bignoniaceae: Catalpa. Also noted, in North Carolina, from Virginia Buttonweed, Diodia virginiana, also in the Rubiaceae.
- Range: se AZ - w. TX
(Druce) - rare strays into South Texas
Covell, p. 43, plate 6 (1)
Hodges, R.W., 1971. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 21:p. 150; pl. 13.18.