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For the United States & Canada

Species Xylophanes tersa - Tersa Sphinx - Hodges#7890

Tersa Sphinx - Xylophanes tersa Tersa Sphinx - Xylophanes tersa moth - Xylophanes tersa Tobacco Hornworm - Xylophanes tersa Xylophanes tersa Green Catapiller on Pentas in Ft Myers Florida - Xylophanes tersa Xylophanes tersa Xylophanes tersa
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Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Bombycoidea (Silkworm, Sphinx, and Royal Moths)
Family Sphingidae (Sphinx Moths)
Subfamily Macroglossinae
Tribe Macroglossini
Genus Xylophanes
Species tersa (Tersa Sphinx - Hodges#7890)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Xylophanes tersa (Linnaeus)
Sphinx tersa Linnaeus 1771
Wingspan 60-80 mm
Adult moth: Note pointed abdomen, contrasting black markings on hindwing.

Caterpillar: One large eyespot and six smaller ones progressing down the body, with a light stripe roughly bisecting the eyespots. Black "horn" on rear end. Both green and brown forms are known. In earlier instars, smaller eyespots are barely visible and striping more pronounced.
TX-FL-NY-IA / Mex, W. Indies - Map (MPG)
Resident year-round in southern states and migrates north in warmer months.
mostly: June-October (1 brood), year-round (several broods) in Florida (BG data)
Adults take nectar from deep-throated flowers.
Larvae feed on Madder Family, Rubiaceae, including Smooth buttonplant (Spermacoce glabra), starclusters (Pentas species), Borreria, Manettia; and Bignoniaceae: Catalpa. Also noted, in North Carolina, from Virginia Buttonweed, Diodia virginiana, also in the Rubiaceae.
Life Cycle
Pupates in loose soil
See Also
- Range: se AZ - w. TX
Xylophanes libya (Druce) - rare strays into South Texas
Print References
Covell, p. 43, plate 6 (1)
Hodges, R.W., 1971. The Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 21:p. 150; pl. 13.18.
Wagner, p. 278 (2)
Works Cited
1.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
2.Caterpillars of Eastern North America
David L. Wagner. 2005. Princeton University Press.
3.North American Moth Photographers Group
4.BOLD: The Barcode of Life Data Systems
5.Moths of Dallas County, Texas