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Species Altica foliaceae - Apple Flea Beetle

Altica foliaceae J. L. LeConte - Altica foliaceae Altica sp., foliaceae complex - Altica foliaceae Altica foliacea LeConte - Altica foliaceae Altica foliacea LeConte - Altica foliaceae Altica sp., foliaceae complex - Altica foliaceae Altica foliaceae LeConte - Altica foliaceae Altica foliaceae (LeConte) - Altica foliaceae Altica foliaceae
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Chrysomeloidea (Long-horned and Leaf Beetles)
Family Chrysomelidae (Leaf Beetles)
Subfamily Galerucinae (Skeletonizing Leaf Beetles and Flea Beetles)
Tribe Alticini (Flea Beetles)
No Taxon (Altica Genus Group)
Genus Altica
Species foliaceae (Apple Flea Beetle)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
species COMPLEX
Explanation of Names
Altica foliaceae LeConte 1858
Size
5-6 mm
Range
Roughly: CA-FL-MD-ND / Mex. (1)
Food
Polyphagous, but preferred hosts are likely limited to the members of the Evening Primrose Family - Onagraceae (2)
CO: Larvae develop on evening primrose (Oenothera); adults disperse to feed on a wide range of plants including Epilobium, Gaura, Zauschneria, grape, crabapple, and willow.
FL: Often severely damages crape myrtle and Mexican heather. This beetle emerges in early spring when the adults and larvae develop in high numbers on a weed, evening primrose, Oenothera spp. As the beetles mature and the evening primrose is consumed or dies, May-June in north Florida, the beetles disperse to other plants. They are often seen on many species of plants, but feeding damage is primarily on crape myrtle in June.
Life Cycle
2017 local outbreak in c. TX:
Remarks
In recent years, several outbreaks of this insect have occurred throughout Colorado.
Print References
LeConte J.L. 1858. Descriptions of new species of Coleoptera, chiefly collected by the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, under Major W.H.Emory, U.S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 10: 59-89.
Internet References
Type - MCZ, Harvard
Invasive.org (note, this sp. is native to N. Amer.)
Works Cited
1.Catalog of Leaf Beetles of America North of Mexico
Ed Riley, Shawn Clark, and Terry Seeno. 2003. Coleopterists Society.
2.Host plants of leaf beetle species occurring in the United States and Canada
Clark et al. 2004. Coleopterists Society, Special Publication no. 2, 476 pp.