Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
~120 spp. in 16 genera in our area(1)
, ~400 spp. in ~50 genera worldwide
tiny, usually less than 3mm
fragile, metasomal tergites weakly sclerotized
antennae rather short, usually 18 or fewer segments except in some males
fore wing venation in most groups (except Toxares
) reduced, with no 2nd submarginal cell, and 3RSb not reaching wing margin. Click here
for image of complete venation, as in Toxares
. Click here
for an example of incomplete venation, as in other aphidiine genera. (wing images are provided for each aphidiine genus in Bugguide. See genera under Aphidiinae, under Taxonomy, Braconidae).
occipital carina present, at least laterally (Achterberg, C. van. 1997. Subfamily Aphidiinae. In:(2)
For terminology of body parts see PDF, p. 99, Fortier 2009(3)
World wide, wherever aphids are found
endoparasitoids of aphids.
Like Rogadinae, the aphidiines mummify the host and undergo pupation inside the dead host mummy. The "mummy"
is the dried, hardened husk of the host remains. When the adult emerges, it cuts an escape hole in the mummy.
Smith, C.F. 2012. The Aphidiinae of North America (Braconidae: Hymenoptera)(4)
Stary, P. 1970. Biology of aphid parasites (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae) with respect to integrated control. Series Entomologica 6:1-643
Smith, C.F. 1944. The Aphidiinae of North America
(Braconidae: Hymenoptera) Ohio State University. Contributions in Zoology and Entomology
. A Molecular Phylogeny of the Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae)