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Species Speyeria diana - Diana Fritillary - Hodges#4449

Diana - Speyeria diana - female Speyeria diana  - Speyeria diana - female Speyeria diana  - Speyeria diana - female male Diana - Speyeria diana - male Diana fritillary - Speyeria diana - male Diana Fritillary - Speyeria diana - female Diana Fritillary - Speyeria diana - male Speyeria diana? - Speyeria diana - male
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Heliconiinae (Heliconians and Fritillaries)
Tribe Argynnini (Fritillaries)
Genus Speyeria (Greater Fritillaries)
Species diana (Diana Fritillary - Hodges#4449)
Hodges Number
Explanation of Names
Speyeria diana (Cramer, 1777)
Wingspan 9-11 cm.
A spectacularly dimorphic species. Males are brown with an orange border. Females are blue and black members of the Pipevine Swallowtail mimicry complex.
Southern Appalachian region, also Ozark Mountains - Map (MPG)
Rather local and rare.
Rich woods in mountains, valleys, and adjacent fields, edges.
Mid-June to September, one flight.
Larvae host on violets (Viola spp.)
Adults take nectar, other fluids, such as from dung.
Life Cycle
Eggs are laid on twigs, leaves, near hosplant, violets. (Female walks on the ground while ovipositing!) Caterpillars hatch and overwinter without feeding. The feed on fresh violet foliage in the spring.
Oklahoma considers this to be a "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN) [cite:120795]
Print References
Brock (1)
Glassberg (2)
Scott (3)
Allen (4)
Works Cited
1.Butterflies of North America (Kaufman Focus Guides)
Jim P. Brock, Kenn Kaufman. 2003. Houghton Mifflin Co.
2.Butterflies Through Binoculars: The East
Jeffrey Glassberg. 1999. Oxford University Press.
3.The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide
James A. Scott. 1992. Stanford University Press.
4.The Butterflies of West Virginia and Their Caterpillars
Thomas J. Allen. 1998. University of Pittsburgh Press.