Explanation of Names
Speyeria diana (Cramer, 1777)
A spectacularly dimorphic species. Males are brown with an orange border. Females are blue and black members of the Pipevine Swallowtail mimicry complex.
Southern Appalachian region, also Ozark Mountains - Map
Rather local and rare.
Rich woods in mountains, valleys, and adjacent fields, edges.
Mid-June to September, one flight.
Adults take nectar, other fluids, such as from dung.
Eggs are laid on twigs, leaves, near hosplant, violets. (Female walks on the ground while ovipositing!) Caterpillars hatch and overwinter without feeding. The feed on fresh violet foliage in the spring.
Oklahoma considers this to be a "Species of Greatest Conservation Need" (SGCN) [cite:120795]