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Genus Hamadryas - Crackers

Guatemalan Cracker #1 - Hamadryas guatemalena Yard Guatemalan, side view - Hamadryas guatemalena Guatamalen Cracker feeding on butterfly brew - yummy!!! - Hamadryas guatemalena Hamadryas feronia Hamadryas feronia Guatemalan Cracker - Hamadryas guatemalena Red Cracker - Hamadryas amphinome Guatemalan Cracker  - Hamadryas guatemalena
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Papilionoidea (Butterflies and Skippers)
Family Nymphalidae (Brush-footed Butterflies)
Subfamily Biblidinae (Tropical Brushfoots)
Tribe Ageroniini
Genus Hamadryas (Crackers)
Explanation of Names
Hamadryas Hübner, 1806
"Cracker" refers to the sound that males make with their wings
Numbers
Four species have been recorded in the Lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Three of these species are in the Guide; the other is the Red Cracker (H. amphinome). A single record of a fifth species (H. iphthime, Brown Cracker) was documented near Austin TX, but the origin of that specimen is in question, as the species is not known to occur any closer than Veracruz, Mexico. Six additional species are known from Mexico.
Identification
The butterflies of the Hamadryas genus (Nymphaliinae) always land with their wings laid flat and head downward. Upperwing patterns are often cryptic, blending in very well with tree bark, while underwing patterns are usually more colorful.
Range
Rare strays in southern Texas. Widespread in Mexico, the West Indies, and Central America.
Remarks
Crackers are strictly tropical butterflies and very rarely stray near the Mexican border.
Males make a cracking sound with their wings to attract mates.