Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Subspecies Xylocopa tabaniformis orpifex


The Carpenter Bees of California
By Paul D. Hurd, Jr.
University of California Press, 1955
A publication of the University of California, in the "California Insect Survey" series. It may be downloaded for free as a PDF (4.9 MB) at this link.

Like many of the publications in this series, it has much useful information, despite being perhaps a bit dated.

Nesting biologies and immature stages of the rophitine bees (Halictidae) with notes on the cleptoparasite Biastes(Anthophoridae)
By Rozen J.G.
Am. Mus. Novitates 3066: 1‒28, 1993

Family-group names for bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)
By Engel M.S.
Am. Mus. novitates 3476, 33 pp., 2005

The Solitary Bees - Biology, Evolution, Conservation
By Bryan N. Danforth, Robert L. Minckley, John L. Neff
Princeton University Press, 2019
A book I've been waiting for has arrived at my door.
Princeton introduction

Collecting bees in southern Texas.
By Cockerell, W.P.
Journal of the New York Entomological Society 25(3): 187–193., 1917
Full Text

Cockerell, W.P. 1917. Collecting bees in southern Texas. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 25(3): 187–193.

New records and range extensions of several species of native bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) from Mississippi
By Katherine Parys, Terry Griswold, Harold W. Ikerd, Michael Christopher Orr
Biodiversity Data Journal. 2018 May 17;(6), 2018

The Bees in Your Backyard: A Guide to North America's Bees.
By Joseph S. Wilson & Olivia J. Messinger Carril
Princeton University Press, 2015
A wonderfully written, richly and attractively illustrated book, mostly with the authors' own excellent images!
This is a wonderful introduction to North America's over 4000 native bee species. The title page's photos communicate at once the great diversity of our bee fauna.
A MUST for everyone who wants to learn about the bees that have evolved with our flora, as well as a useful reference for professionals.

Field Guide to the Common Bees of California
By Gretchen LeBuhn & Noel B. Pugh
University of California Press, 2013
Text by Gretchen LeBuhn, illustrations by Noel B. Pugh.

A useful guide for learning about the common California bee taxa.

174 pp. (including index).