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Genus Neoconocephalus - Common Coneheads

Conehead - Neoconocephalus triops - female Conehead katydid - Neoconocephalus ensiger - female Conehead - Neoconocephalus exiliscanorus - female Conehead - Neoconocephalus ensiger - male Neoconocephalus? - Neoconocephalus - female Common Conehead - Neoconocephalus Neoconocephalus robustus (Robust Coneheaded Katydid) - Neoconocephalus robustus - female Round-tipped Conehead - Neoconocephalus retusus - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Ensifera (Long-horned Orthoptera)
Infraorder Tettigoniidea (Katydids, Camel Crickets, and relatives)
Family Tettigoniidae (Katydids)
Subfamily Conocephalinae (Coneheads and Meadow Katydids)
Tribe Copiphorini (Coneheads)
Genus Neoconocephalus (Common Coneheads)
Explanation of Names
Neoconocephalus Karny 1907
14 spp. in our area, ~130 total(1)
body 37-74 mm
Wings extend beyond abdomen. Cone is separated from face by a gap and does not have a sharp point. Female has very long ovipositor. Green and brown color phases.
Most species can be identified from their distinctive cones:
N. bivocatus N. caudellianus N. ensiger N. exiliscanorus N. melanorhinus N. retusus N. robustus N. triops
New World, primarily neotropical; in our area, mostly eastern(1)
Grassy areas, thickets, marshes, sometimes cornfields
Jul-Oct in NC (most species), Sep-May (N. triops in NC)(3). Jul-Oct in Michigan(4)
Adults feed mostly on seeds of grasses, sometimes sedges. Nymphs feed on grass flowers, developing seeds. N. robustus is known to feed on forbs.
Life Cycle
Oviposit into crowns of grass clumps. Most overwinter as eggs, have one generation per year in north. Some species overwinter as adults in south, have two periods of breeding activity. Males perch on plants and sing at night.
Print References
Internet References
video of N. triops male stridulating (Patrick Coin)
Works Cited
1.Orthoptera Species File Online
2.Singing Insects of North America
3.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
4.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
5.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
6.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.