Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Chionea - Snow Flies


The crane fly genus Chionea in North America
By George W. Byers
University of Kansas Science Bulletin, 1983
Byers, George W. "The crane fly genus Chionea in North America," University of Kansas Science Bulletin 52:59-195.

A revision of the genus with new species, key, and description of biology and habits so far as they are known.

Online at biostor.org.

Chapter 24: Tipuloidea
By Gelhaus, J. K., and V. Podiniene
In: R. W. Merritt, K. W. Cummins and M. B. Berg (editors), An introduction to the aquatic insects of North Amer, 2019
Full citation: Gelhaus, J. K., and V. Podiniene. 2019. Chapter 24: Tipuloidea. [pp. 1023-1070]. In: R. W. Merritt, K. W. Cummins and M. B. Berg (editors), An introduction to the aquatic insects of North America, fifth edition, xviii + 1480 pp. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.

Most up to date keys to genera of the North American Tipuloidea.

The Diptera or True Flies of Connecticut, First Fasicle, External Morphology; Key to Families; Tanyderidae, Ptychopteridae...
By Crampton, GC, Curran CH, Alexander CP
State Geological and Natural History Survey, 1943
full title is Guide to the Insects of Connecticut, Part VI., The Diptera or True Flies of Connecticut, First Fasicle, External Morphology; Key to Families; Tanyderidae, Ptychopteridae, Trichoceridae, Anisopodidae, Tipulidae.

full text

CCW refers to this text as Alexander, 1943k but the publication date on the title page is 1942. Pages between x and 196 are missing from this PDF

Diptera of the superfamily Tipuloidea found in the District of Columbia
By Alexander, C. P. and McAtee, W. L
Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 58(2344): 385-435, 1920
full text

I can't vouch for how useful this paper still is but it does contain keys to many genera

Manual for the identification of aquatic crane fly larvae for North America
By Gelhaus J.K.
Salt Lake City UT. 212 pp., 2008
Prepared for North American Benthological Society Workshop, May 2008, Salt Lake City UT.

Essentially, adopted from(1)

Manual for the identification of aquatic crane fly larvae for southeastern United States
By Gelhaus J.K.
Durham NC, 206 pp., 2002

The crane flies of California
By Alexander C.P.
Bull. Calif. Insect Survey 8: 1-269, 1967

DIPTERA: an Introduction to Flies
By Nikita Vikhrev
Phyton publisher, Moscow, 2020
Available on NHBS (UK): https://www.nhbs.com/diptera-an-introduction-to-flies-book
Diptera: An Introduction to Flies is easy to read and gives a general introduction to this order of amazing insects.
The book was first published in Russian in 2019. the current English version was substantially extended and revised by the author and editors.
160 pages, 250 colour photos, hardback