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Species Apamea dubitans - Doubtful Apamea - Hodges#9367

Apamea dubitans Apamea dubitans Doubtful Apamea - Hodges#9367 - Apamea dubitans Doubtful Apamea - Apamea dubitans moth - Apamea dubitans Apamea dubitans Apamea dubitans Apamea dubitans
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Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Apameini
Genus Apamea
Species dubitans (Doubtful Apamea - Hodges#9367)
Hodges Number
9367
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Apamea dubitans (Walker, 1856)
Mamestra dubitans Walker, 1856
Apamea insignata Walker, 1857
Hadena sputator Grote, 1873
Hadena sputatrix Grote, 1875
Agroperina dubitans Hampson, 1908
Xylophasia sputatrix
Phylogenetic sequence # 932344
Explanation of Names
Latin for "doubting, wavering" from dubito- "to doubt, waver"
Size
forewing length = 17-21 mm (1)
Identification
Detailed description can be found in MONA Fascicle 26-9 at link in citations below. (1)

Base of rose-thorns higher than wide; barrel shaped. In A. cogitata, base of rose-thorn nearly flat; much wider than high. Forbes, 1954.
digitus slender, long and narrow
Range
Newfoundland west to Manitoba and south to New Jersey, Ohio and Illinois; also in the Appalachians to northern Georgia; disjunct population in northern Colorado (1)
Season
late June to early October (1)
See Also
Apamea cogitata is similar and narrowly overlaps the range of dubitans in the northeast, however cogitata is more reddish brown in the Northeast and can typically be separated from the more dark brownish black dubitans. (1)
Helotropha reniformis has a uniformly dark form that is very similar to Apamea dubitans. However, even the uniformly dark forms of H. reniformis exhibit some contrast in the ST/terminal area with the ST area being slightly paler than the darker gray terminal area. The ST/terminal area of A. dubitans is basically concolorous, showing very little contrast except for a series of dark chevrons that can be present along the inner side of the ST line.
Print References
Grote, A.R. 1873. On eight species of Noctuidae. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences. 1: 190 - Hadena sputator
Hampson, G.F. 1908. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British museum. 7: 398 - Agroperina dubitans
Smith, J.B. 1891. Contributions toward a monograph of the Noctuidae of temperate North America. Revision of the species of Hadena referable to Xylophasia and Luperina. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 13(839):422 - Xylophasia sputatrix
Smith, J.B. 1810. Notes on North American species of Agroperina Hampson. Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 18(3): 140 - Agroperina sputatrix
Walker, F.W. 1856. Noctuidae. List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. 9: 232