Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Andricus


Cynipid Galls of the Pacific Slope
By Lewis H. Weld
Privately printed in Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1957

Cynipid Galls of the Southwest
By Lewis H. Weld
Privately printed in Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1960

Cynipid Galls of the Eastern United States
By Lewis H. Weld
Privately printed in Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1959

Comparative morphology of terminal-instar larvae of Cynipoidea: phylogenetic implications
By J.L. Nieves-Aldrey, H. Vårdal, F. Ronquist
Zoologica Scripta 34: 15–36, 2005

Flowering Plant Hosts of Adult Hymenopteran Parasitoids of Central Illinois
By Tooker, J.F. and L.M. Hanks
Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 2000
A large comprehensive study involving 151 parasitoid species over several parasitoid families and records covering over 33 years of observation and over 15,000 insect visitors. Provides persuasive data that Apiaceae (the carrot family) is the plant family by far most widely used by parasitoid wasp adults for feeding.

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The genus Mymaromella (Hymenoptera: Mymarommatidae) in North America, with a key to described extant species
By J.T. Huber, G.A.P. Gibson, L.S. Bauer, H. Liu, M. Gates
Journal of Hymenoptera Research 17(2): 175-194, 2008

The Wasps
By Howard Ensign Evans, Mary Jane West Eberhard
University of Michigan Press, 1970
A readable reference on wasp biology. Out of print, sometimes can be found used.

Parasitic Wasps
By Donald L. J. Quicke
Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997