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Subfamily Doryctinae

Black and red wasp - female Ichneumon Wasp - Doryctinus - female Spathius - female wasp - female Ichneumonidae ? - Heterospilus - male Wasp amber and yellow banded ichenumonid possibly - Spathius Female, braconid wasp - Spathius - female
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Ichneumonoidea (Braconid and Ichneumonid Wasps)
Family Braconidae (Braconid Wasps)
Subfamily Doryctinae
ca. 160 spp. in 28 genera north of Mexico.(1)
3 - 6 mm not including ovipositor
Row of thickened spines (figures 9, 10) along length of outer or front surface of fore tibia and sometimes also middle tibia (these may be a challenge to find)(Belokobilskij and Zaldivar-Riveron 2014)
"Cyclostome mouth": short clypeus + concave labrum above mandibles resembles a found, open mouth. See Remarks on Braconidae page.
It is one of the most diverse and species-rich subfamilies of the Braconidae. The subfamily is diagnosed by a row of spines on the foretibia, a flange on the propleuron above the forecoxa, the presence of an epicnemial carina and occipital carina (Marsh 2002), a double node near the apex of the dorsal valve of the ovipositor (Quicke et al., 1992), and a cyclostome mouth. ((Seltmann, K. and M.J. Sharkey. 2007).
Doryctine larvae feed on larvae of beetles, sawflies, and some moths.
Print References
Marsh, P. M. (1965). The Nearctic Doryctinae. I. A Review of the Subfamily with a Taxonomic Revision of the Tribe Hecabolini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 58(5): 668–699.
Johnson, N. F., & Triplehorn, C. A. (2005). Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects.(2)
Wharton, R., Marsh, P., & Sharkey, M. (1997). Identification manual to the New World genera of the family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). International Society of Hymenopterists Special Publication.(3)
Internet References
Belokobylskij, S.A. and A. Zaldivar-Riveron. 2014. The genus Spathius Nees (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Doryctinae) in Mexico: occurrence of a highly diverse Old World taxon in the Neotropics. Zookeys 427: 59-73 URL:
Seltmann, K. and M.J. Sharkey. 2007. A new genus and species of apterous Doryctinae (Hymenoptera: Braconinae) from Costa Rica. Zootaxa 1415: 17-24. URL:
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.
3.Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera)
Wharton, R.A., P.M. Marsh, M.J. Sharkey (Eds). 1997. International Society of Hymenopterists.