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Species Siphanta acuta - Torpedo Bug

Nymph - Siphanta acuta Nymph - Siphanta acuta Nymph - Siphanta acuta Nymph: early instar - Siphanta acuta Young Treehopper? - Siphanta acuta Leaf camo bug - Siphanta acuta Siphanta acuta Planthopper nymph - Siphanta acuta
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (True Hoppers)
Infraorder Fulgoromorpha
Superfamily Fulgoroidea (Planthoppers)
Family Flatidae (Flatid Planthoppers)
Subfamily Flatinae
Tribe Siphantini
Genus Siphanta
Species acuta (Torpedo Bug)
Other Common Names
Green Planthopper (in Australia, New Zealand)(1)
Explanation of Names
Siphanta acuta (Walker 1851)
acutus = 'sharp' (refers to the pointed wingtips); the common name refers to the leaping ability of nymphs (mature nymphs can leap as far as 60 cm)
adult wingspan ~25 mm; nymph body to 5 mm (Mau & Kessing 1993)
Adult: green and triangular, with pink eyes and pointed head; forewings have many veins and cross veins, mimicking a leaf, and cover the body like the sides of a sloping roof when the insect is at rest
Nymph: first two instars are light green, relatively flat, with waxy filaments on posterior abdominal segments, and covered with white powder or dust; later instars lose their powdery coating, develop markings of red, black, and green, and change their ground color three times; the waxy abdominal filaments are significantly reduced
established in CA(2); native to Australia, adventive elsewhere (New Zealand, Hawaii, S. Africa)
yr round in CA
Life Cycle
eggs are laid on stems or leaves in a dome-shaped masses of >100 eggs glued together and partially covered by a dark, semi-transparent cement produced by the female; eggs hatch in 10-20 days; 5 nymphal instars; adults live for ~2 months (Mau & Kessing 1993)

Click on thumbnail to view the life cycle:

earliest NA record: CA 1983(3)
not considered a pest in CA; considered a pest of banana, citrus, coffee, guava, macadamia, and many ornamentals in HI
Internet References
Fact sheet by Mau & Kessing (1993)