Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
The families Erebidae and Nolidae contain many taxa formerly placed in Noctuidae. The family Doidae contains two North American species formerly placed in Arctiidae.
One North American species, Phryganidia californica
, formerly placed in a separate family (Dioptidae) is now included in the subfamily Dioptinae within Notodontidae.
Includes six North American families, according to Lafontaine & Schmidt (1)
The higher classification of the superfamily Noctuoidea is presently under study, and further changes are inevitable. BugGuide currently follows the classification in the 2010 Lafontaine & Schmidt paper (see Internet References, below).
Kitching, I.J., and J.E. Rawlins. 1999. (The Noctuoidea, pp. 355-401 in Kristensen N.P. (editor). Lepidoptera: Moths and butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, systematics and biogeography. Handbook of Zoology/Handbuch der Zoologie. Walter de Gruyter. Berlin/New York).
links to pinned adult images
of species in eastern and western Canada (The Moths of Canada, CBIF)