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Species Schinia citrinellus - Hodges#11204

Moth - Schinia citrinellus Moth - Schinia citrinellus 11204 Schinia citrinellus ? - Schinia citrinellus 11204 Schinia citrinellus ? - Schinia citrinellus 11204 Schinia citrinellus ? - Schinia citrinellus Schinia citrinellus Schinia citrinellus? - Schinia citrinellus possible - Schinia citrinellus
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Heliothinae
Genus Schinia (Flower Moths)
Species citrinellus (Schinia citrinellus - Hodges#11204)
Hodges Number
11204
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Schinia citrinellus (Grote(1) & Robinson, 1870)
Heliothis citrinellus Grote & Robinson, 1870 (2)
Phylogenetic sequence # 932067 (3)
Explanation of Names
citrin - Greek for lemon which refers to the pale yellow color of the forewing.(4)
Size
Wingspan is 23-27 mm. (5), (2)
Identification
Grote & Robinson (1870) original description as Heliothis citrinellus is available in the print references. (2)
Most diagnostic examples have a pale yellow forewing with a dark discal dot, and a broad black terminal band on the hindwing. The band is broken and faded in many examples. However, some populations may lack both the spot and the terminal band entirely, and may closely resemble luxa.
Specimen identified by DNA analysis (BOLD) (6)
Range
Southwest United States. (5), (7)
Type locality: USA: Texas.
Season
The flight period is March to October. (5)
Apparently two broods. (8)
Food
The larvae feed on Croton species including, Croton californicus Müll. Arg. (California croton). (8)
Life Cycle
Eggs are deposited on the new flower buds or within newly opened blooms. (8)
Notes on the life cycle and description of the larvae can be found in the PDF. (8)
Remarks
Nocturnal with no daytime activity reported for adults, unlike many Schinia species. (8)
See Also
Schinia luxa has several black dots on the forewing and the hindwing lacks the black band. However, not all citrinellus have a black hindwing band and caution is advised.
Print References
Grote & Robinson, 1870. Descriptions of American Lepidoptera No. 5. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 3: 180. (2), (9)
Powell, J.A., & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press. plate 52, fig. 36; p. 291.(10)