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Family Blissidae

 Chinch Bug? - Blissus leucopterus Chinch bug? - Blissus sweeti Blissus - Blissus leucopterus Blissidae, dorsal - Ischnodemus Blissid from Elymus canadensis - Ischnodemus Blissus leucopterus? - Blissus leucopterus chinch bug - Blissus Blissus leucopterus
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Lygaeoidea
Family Blissidae
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
formerly treated under Lygaeidae; revised in (1)
Explanation of Names
Blissidae Stål 1862
30 spp. in 4 genera in our area,* 435 spp. in 50 genera worldwide(2)(3)(4)
*Blissus 16 spp., Ischnodemus 12 spp., Toonglasa 1 sp., Wheelerodemus 1 sp.
3-15+ mm worldwide(5)
see (1)
widely distributed throughout NA, although primarily tropical globally, with several centers of endemism on various continents; Ischnodemus is the only genus that exhibits a near cosmopolitan distribution (mostly tropical)(2)
closely associated with a broad range of monocots and often live cryptically in basal leaf-sheaths (laminaphiles); unlike most lygaeoids, blissids feed on vegetative parts(2); our spp. on grasses(6)
Works Cited
1.The systematics, phylogeny, and zoogeography of the Blissinae of the world (Hemiptera, Lygaeidae)
J. A. Slater. 1979. Bulletin of the AMNH, Vol. 165, article 1.
2.Zoological catalogue of Australia: Hemiptera: Heteroptera (Pentatomomorpha)
Cassis G., Gross G.F. 2002. CSIRO Publishing, 751 pp.
3.Catalog of the Heteroptera, or True Bugs of Canada and the Continental United States
Thomas J. Henry, Richard C. Froeschner. 1988. Brill Academic Publishers.
4.Wheelerodemus muhlenbergiae, a new genus and new species of Blissidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea) from Okla. and Texas.
Henry, T.J., Sweet, M.H. 2015. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 117(2): 151-161.
5.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
6.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.