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Genus Nebria - Gazelle Beetles

Ground Beetle - Nebria metallica brown river ground beetle - Nebria eschscholtzii - female ground beetle, Gazelle Beetle - Nebria eschscholtzii Nebria metallica? - Nebria metallica - male Ground Beetle - Nebria Nebria, I think - Nebria arkansana Dorsal habitus of Nebria brevicollis - Nebria brevicollis Ground Beetle - Nebria eschscholtzii
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Adephaga (Ground and Water Beetles)
Family Carabidae (Ground Beetles)
Subfamily Nebriinae
Tribe Nebriini
Genus Nebria (Gazelle Beetles)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nebria Latreille 1806

Synonyms:
Nebriola Daniel 1903
Paranebria Jeannel 1937
Neonebria Hatch 1939
Numbers
56 species in 4 subgenera in our area. (1)(2)(3)(4)

Species: (List follows (5) with additions in (2)(3)(4))

Subgenus Boreonebria - 10 species
Nebria bellorum Kavanaugh (2)
Nebria crassicornis Van Dyke
Nebria frigida R.F. Sahlberg
Nebria gouleti Kavanaugh (ID, OR, WA)
Nebria gyllenhali Schoenherr
Nebria hudsonica LeConte
Nebria lacustris Casey
Nebria nivalis (Paykull)
Nebria paradisi Darlington (OR, WA)
Nebria turmaduodecima Kavanaugh (CA)

Subgenus Catonebria - 21 species
Nebria calva Kavanaugh (AZ)
Nebria carri Kavanaugh (ID)
Nebria catenata Casey (CO, UT)
Nebria coloradensis Kavanaugh (CO)
Nebria gebleri Dejean (6 subspecies)
Nebria ingens Kavanaugh (CA, 2 subspecies)
Nebria kincaidi Schwarz (2 subspecies)
Nebria labontei Kavanaugh (OR)
Nebria meanyi Van Dyke (4 subspecies)
Nebria metallica Fischer von Waldheim
Nebria ovipennis LeConte
Nebria piperi Van Dyke (AK, BC, OR, WA)
Nebria piute Erwin & Ball (UT; 3 subspecies)
Nebria praedicta Kavanaugh & Schoville (CA) (3)
Nebria purpurata LeConte (CO, NM)
Nebria schwarzi Van Dyke (2 subspecies)
Nebria sierrablancae Kavanaugh (NM)
Nebria spatulata Van Dyke (CA; 2 subspecies)
Nebria steensensis Kavanaugh (OR)
Nebria trifaria LeConte (2 subspecies)
Nebria vandykei Banninger (OR, WA; 2 subspecies)

Subgenus Nebria - one species
Nebria brevicollis (Fabricius)

Subgenus Reductonebria - 24 species
Nebria acuta Lindroth (western, 3 ssp.)
Nebria appalachia Darlington (NC, TN)
Nebria arkansana Casey (western, 4 ssp.)
Nebria charlottae Lindroth (BC)
Nebria danmanni Kavanaugh (WA)
Nebria darlingtoni Kavanaugh (CA)
Nebria desolata Kavanaugh (UT)
Nebria diversa LeConte
Nebria eschscholtzii Menetries
Nebria georgei Kavanaugh (AZ) (4)
Nebria gregaria Fischer von Waldheim
Nebria haida Kavanaugh (BC)
Nebria jeffreyi Kavanaugh (OR)
Nebria lituyae Kavanaugh
Nebria louiseae Kavanaugh (BC)
Nebria lyelli Van Dyke (CA)
Nebria mannerheimii Fischer von Waldheim
Nebria navajo Kavanaugh (AZ)
Nebria obliqua LeConte (2 subspecies)
Nebria pallipes Say
Nebria sahlbergi Fischer von Waldheim (3 subspecies)
Nebria suturalis LeConte (AB, CO, LB, NH, NY, ON, PQ, VT, WY)
Nebria wallowae Kavanaugh (OR)
Nebria zioni Van Dyke (UT, 2 subspecies)
Identification
Keys:
Kavanaugh (6) has most comprehensive key to our fauna, but many taxonomic changes and a few new species have been added since its publication.
Downie & Arnett for NE species (7) (couplet 1 correction - should be pronotum with or without midlateral setae)
Ground Beetles and Wrinkled Bark Beetles of South Carolina (8) - considers only N. pallipes
Range
Cooler areas of the northern hemisphere, mostly Holarctic; in North America, from the arctic south to NM/AZ along the Rockies and to VA/TN in the Appalachians. Most Nearctic species are western. (1)
Habitat
Adults of most of this species rest and hunt for prey under stones and rubble along the margins of cool or cold streams; a few inhabit wet places in forested areas, and rest under leaf litter; high montane species are known to hunt for prey on snow fields at night(1)
Works Cited
1.American Beetles, Volume I: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia
Arnett, R.H., Jr., and M. C. Thomas. (eds.). 2000. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
2.A re-consideration of the taxonomic status of Nebria lacustris Casey (Coleoptera, Carabidae, Nebriini) based on...
D.H. Kavanaugh, S.L. Archambeault, P.D. Roopnarine, & J. Ledford. 2011. ZooKeys 147: 199–228.
3.A new and endemic species of Nebria Latreille (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Nebriini), threatened by climate change...
Kavanaugh, D. H., & S. D. Schoville. 2009. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Ser. 4., 60:73-84.
4.A new species of Nebria Latreille (Insecta: Coleoptera: Carabidae: Nebriini) from the Grand Canyon, Arizona.
Kavanaugh, D. H. 2008. Annals of the Carnegie Museum, 77:1-5.
5.Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachidae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae including Cicindelini) of America north of Mexico
Y. Bousquet and A. Larochelle. 1993. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 125: 1-397.
6.The nearctic species of Nebria Latreille (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Nebriini): classification, phylogeny, zoogeography, and...
Kavanaugh, D. H. 1978. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Entomology, University of Alberta, xlviii + 1041 pp.
7.The Beetles of Northeastern North America, Vol. 1 and 2.
Downie, N.M., and R.H. Arnett. 1996. The Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL.
8.Ground Beetles and Wrinkled Bark Beetles of South Carolina
Janet Ciegler. 2000. Clemson University.