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Species Nemoria lixaria - Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033

Red Bordered Emerald - Nemoria lixaria - male Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033 (Nemoria lixaria) - Nemoria lixaria - male Red-bordered Emerald - Nemoria lixaria Emerald - Nemoria lixaria - female Red-bordered emerald - Nemoria lixaria Nemoria lixaria? - Nemoria lixaria Emerald moth to porch light - Nemoria lixaria - male Pennsylvania Moth  - Nemoria lixaria
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Geometroidea (Geometrid and Swallowtail Moths)
Family Geometridae (Geometrid Moths)
Subfamily Geometrinae (Emeralds)
Tribe Nemoriini
Genus Nemoria
Species lixaria (Red-bordered Emerald - Hodges#7033)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Nemoria lixaria (Guenée, [1858])
* phylogenetic sequence # 206750
Forewing length:(1)
males 10.5-13 mm.
females 12-15 mm
Adult: wings pale green with jagged white AM and PM lines and red terminal lines; tiny black discal dots on all wings; fringe checkered red and white; abdominal spots white ringed with red; melanic specimens brownish-green with dark brown lines and fringe (2)

"semi-melananic winter form" occurs in the Deep South from November through March and is fairly common.(1)

does not occur in light brown spring form, as does N. bistriaria
coastal New Jersey to Florida, west to eastern Texas and Arkansas (2); doesn't reach northern states or Canada
Deciduous forests
adults fly from April to June, and July to October (two broods) in the north; all year in the deep south
Larvae feed on leaves of oak, especially red oaks such as Shumard's Oak (Quercus shumardii), a species of southern bottomlands.
See Also
The green summer form of Nemoria bistriaria can be difficult to distinguish from Nemoria lixaria.(1)
Print References
Covell, pp. 373-374, plate 46 #4 (2)
Wagner, p. 83--larva of N. mimosaria (3)
Ferguson, D. C., 1985. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 18.1: p. 49; pl. 2.15-22.(1)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems - species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.
Maryland Moths live adult images plus dates and larval foodplant (Larry Line, Maryland)
Dallas Butterflies pinned adult image and larval foodplant (Dale Clark, Texas)
Works Cited
1.The Moths of America North of Mexico Fascicle 18.1. Geometroidea, Geometridae (Part), Geometrinae
Douglas C. Ferguson . 1985. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.Caterpillars of Eastern Forests
David L. Wagner, Valerie Giles, Richard C. Reardon, Michael L. McManus. 1998. U.S. Dept of Agriculture, Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.