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Crowned Phlyctaenia - coronata species complex

Grey micro - Anania 4953 – Anania coronata – Crowned Phlyctaenia Moth - Anania Crowned Phlyctaenia - Anania crambid - Anania Moth - Anania Crowned Phlyctaenia - coronata species complex - Anania Crowned Phlyctaenia - coronata species complex - Anania Possible Bold-feathered Grass Moth - Anania
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Pyraloidea (Pyralid and Crambid Snout Moths)
Family Crambidae (Crambid Snout Moths)
Subfamily Pyraustinae
Tribe Pyraustini
Genus Anania
No Taxon Crowned Phlyctaenia - coronata species complex
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Formerly in Phlyctaenia, the Pyraloidea database now places this in Anania.
It has been discovered that "Both molecular and morphological evidence establish that ‘Anania coronata’ is actually a complex of four species. Anania coronata is restricted to Europe, while three species are present in North America - Anania tertialis (Guenée, 1854) comb. nov., Anania plectilis (Grote & Robinson, 1867) comb. nov. and Anania tennesseensis sp. n.." We need to see if we can find out how to separate the three.
Explanation of Names
CORONATA: from the Latin "corona" (a crown); the origin of the common name Crowned Phlyctaenia - perhaps a reference to the zigzagged PM line, which resembles the points on a crown
Size
wingspan 18-22 mm in North America (1); 21-27 mm in Europe
Identification
Adult: wings dull grayish-brown with pale yellow spots and accents along darker lines; forewing and hindwing with large yellowish spots outside PM line; PM line zigzagged and sharply pointed on all wings
[adapted from description by Charles Covell]
Range
much of North America: Northwest Territories and British Columbia to Newfoundland, south in the east to Florida and Louisiana, south in the west to California (apparently absent from Texas to Arizona)
also occurs in Eurasia
Habitat
adults may be flushed from the food plants during the day but are usually nocturnal and attracted to light
Season
adults fly from April or May to August; most common in June and July
larvae in August and September (larvae overwinter)
Food
larvae have been recorded on Sambucus, Alnus, Carya, Syringa, Convolvulus, Fraxinus, Ligustrum, Viburnum, Helianthus
Life Cycle
overwinters as a larva; pupation occurs in spring
Remarks
Formerly Anania coronata - Crowned Phlyctaenia - Hodges#4953. Anania coronata is now restricted to Europe. Below are species in this complex found in NA:
Anania plectilis - forewing length: ~11.5 mm; range: Eastern Nearctic
Anania tertialis - forewing length: ~10 mm; range: Eastern and western Nearctic region
Anania tennesseensis - forewing length: ~9 mm; range: Tennessee (2)
See Also
large pale patches on all wings distinguish this species from other two North American Phlyctaenia species (see pinned adult images of P. leuschneri, which is restricted to Florida, and P. quebecensis, which occurs only in the northeast)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
adult images plus flight season, distribution, foodplants (Larry Line, Maryland)
pinned adult image (David Smith, Furman U., South Carolina)
live adult image plus foodplant, flight season, biology (Ian Kimber, UK Moths)
pinned adult image and other info (Bert Gustafsson, Swedish Museum of Natural History)
distribution map and listing of states/provinces/territories (Markku Savela, FUNET)
foodplants and flight season (Ohio State U.)
Works Cited
1.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
2.DNA barcoding and morphology reveal three cryptic species of Anania in N. America, all distinct from European counterpart
Yang, Z. et al. Systematic Entomology - Royal Entomological Society, 2012, Vol. 37-4, Pages 686-705.