Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Eresia elada Hewitson 1868. Type locality: Mexico
Melitaea callina Boisduval 1869. Type locality: confused and uncertain, perhaps Sonora, Mexico
Eresia socia R. Felder 1869. Type locality: Mexico
Melitaea ulrica W.H. Edwards 1877. Type locality: San Antonio, Texas
Melitaea imitata Strecker 1878. Type locality: vicinity of New Braunfels & San Antonio, Texas
Melitaea perse W.H. Edwards 1882. Type locality: Fort Grant and in Graham Mountains, Arizona
Phyciodes hepburni Godman 1901. Type locality: Chihuahua, Mexico
Texola elada (Hewitson) Higgins 1958
Texola elada ulrica (W.H. Edwards)
Texola elada perse (Hewitson)
Texola elada hepburni (Godman)
Chlosyne (subgenus Texola) elada (W.H. Edwards) D.L. Bauer [in Ehrlich & Ehrlich] 1961
Microtia elada (W.H. Edwards) D.D. Murphey, N.Wahlberg, I. Hanski & P.R. Ehrlich, 2004
Explanation of Names
The name M. perse is now sometimes treated as a separate species, occuring further west [CA, AZ, NM, SON] than more eastern M. elada ulrica [NM, TX, CHIH]. These do not seem to be well differentiated from one another when populations in adjacent parts of Sonora, Arizona, Chihuahua, west Texas, and New Mexico are compared, and do not seem to represent more than geographic variation, at most subspecies.
Most like Microtia dymas, differing in having an orange margin along the edge of the lower hind wing, and without a whitish spot near the middle of the front edge of the front wing. [or, sometimes with most of the median spot band pale.]. The abdomen has orange with black markings on top, but not a row of black-edged orange spots down the middle.
southern Arizona to Texas and south into northern Mexico.